Types of Adverbs

An Adverb is a word used to modify any part of speech, except a Noun, a Pronoun, and an Interjection.

Lisa goes slowly. (Adverb modifies a verb)
Olivia is a very beautiful girl. (Adverb modifies an adjective)
She goes very slowly. (Adverb modifies another adverb)

The bird flew exactly over her head. (Adverb modifies a preposition)
We dislike her simply because she is very rude. (Adverb modifies conjunction)

Types of Adverbs

Types of Adverbs in a Table

An Adverb may denote time, place, number manner degree, reason, purpose, condition, and contrast.

Adverbs of TimeIndefinite: after, ago, soon, early
Definite: now, today, tomorrow
He will come now.
Adverbs of Placehere, there, far, nearWe must take some rest here.
Adverbs of Numberonce, twice, thrice, again, seldom, never, always, oftenHe did this once, but he will not do it again.
Adverbs of Mannerslowly, surely, certainly, badly, well, thus, probably, possiblyHe did his work slowly but surely.
Adverbs of Degreevery, much, partly, wholly, quite, almost, enoughI am quite sure.
Adverbs of Reasonas, so, becauseAs he is ill, he will not come.
Adverbs of Purposethat, so thatWe read that we can learn.
Adverbs of Condition if, unlessI shall help you if you come.
Adverbs of Contrastthough, althoughThough he is rich, he is not happy.

Types of Adverbs in Detail

A) Simple Adverbs

  1. Adverbs of Time
  2. Adverbs of Place
  3. Adverbs of Manner
  4. Adverbs of Quantity
  5. Adverbs of Cause-Effect
  6. Adverbs of Purpose
  7. Adverbs of Order
  8. Adverbs of Affirmation
  9. Adverbs of Negation
  10. Adverbs of Degree

B) Relative Adverbs/Conjunctive Adverbs

Relative adverbs indicate their relationship to the antecedent whereas, Conjunctive Adverbs join two clauses other than the antecedent.

C) Interrogative Adverbs

To start a wh-question to gain information.

Types of adverb #1

Adverbs of Time

When or for how long the action is done.

Adverbs of Time: now, then, ago, again, already, always, before, after, since, seldom, often, soon, late, afterwards, today, tomorrow, yesterday, sometimes, ever, never, early, formerly, presently, recently, immediately, instantly, once, twice, thrice, etc.

When?He started early.
The police arrived late.
How Long/How Often?Do it now.
He is always busy.
She seldom makes mistakes.
He comes here frequently.

Types of adverb #2

Adverbs of Place

Where the action is done

Adverbs of Place: here, there, near, far, away, abroad, above, below, down, out, up, anywhere, everywhere, in, on, inside, outside, within, without, etc.

Where?Come here. / Go there.
Go away. / Go anywhere.
Wait here for the stranger.
Where From?This was collected locally.
This question is out of the syllabus.
The stranger came from outside the country.

Types of adverb #3

Adverbs of Manner

How the action is done

Adverbs of Manner: ill, well, thus, and adjective + ly.
The largest class of Adverbs of Manner comes from Adjectives ending in -ly, such as: clearly, closely, correctly, bravely, badly, sadly, slowly, quickly, luckily, etc.

How?The sick man walks slowly.
Do your own work quickly.
He can speak American English fluently.
In what manner?The girl was treated badly.
You have done well.
Read the comprehensive passage aloud.

Types of adverb #4

Adverbs of Degree

How much or to what extent the action is done

Adverbs of Degree: almost, a little, quite, enough, very, much, too, so, somewhat, rather, partly, fully, wholly, completely, totally, entirely, poorly, deeply, greatly, etc.

How much?I am quite happy.
Sophia is fully prepared.
Tom is greatly admired.
To what extent?They are partly right.
The mango is almost ripe.
Emma is far better today.

Types of adverb #5

Adverbs of Cause Effect

Why the action is done

Adverbs of Cause Effect: hence, therefore, so, accordingly, consequently, etc.

CauseHe is hence absent.
EffectCharlotte, therefore, left the school.
Accordingly, I had to attend the meeting.
Consequently, Amelia won the prize.
Incidentally, Mia got the ticket.

Types of adverb #6

Adverbs of Purpose

For which the action is done

Adverbs of Purpose: that, so that, in order that.

For WhichWe eat in order that we may live.
We read that (in order that) we learn.
He works hard so that he can succeed.

Types of adverb #7

Adverbs of Order

In which order the action is done

Adverbs of Order: first, second, third, fourth, firstly, secondly, thirdly, fourthly, last, lastly.

In which orderEmily came here first.
Hazel was second in rank.
Firstly, take a banana.
Then wash it properly.
Lastly, Camila was convinced.

Types of adverb #8

Adverbs of Affirmation

To express affirmation

Adverbs of Affirmation: yes, at all, perhaps, possibly, probably.

SupportingYes, I know it.
Yes, you are right.

Types of adverb #9

Adverbs of Negation

To express negation

Adverbs of Negation: not, never, not at all

DenyingI do not know him.
Zoe did not come here.
Madison never failed the exam.

Types of adverb #10

Adverbs of Degree: Intensifier

To intensify an action

Intensifier: actually, certainly, surely, definitely, really, absolutely, thoroughly, utterly, very much, indeed.

IntensifyingSurely, you are mistaken.
William would certainly go there.
I really don’t know.

Adverbs of Degree: Downtoner

To downtone an action

Downtoner: hardly, scarcely, barely, nearly, rather, somewhat.

DowntonerI can hardly / scarcely see it.
This soup is rather hot.
This is somewhat wrong.
Benjamin can barely make both ends meet.
It was nearly a month ago.

Types of adverb #11

Relative Adverbs

To denote their relation with the antecedent

Relative AdverbsExamples
Relating to the antecedentThis is the place where he lives. [Rel. Clause]
No one knows the time when he will come. [Rel. Clause]
I know the reason why he did it. [Rel. Clause]
I don’t know the process how he did it. [Rel. Clause]

Types of adverb #12

Conjunctive Adverbs

To join two Clauses without the Antecedent

Conjunctive AdverbsExamples
Joining without the antecedentThis is where he lives. [Adv. Clause]
You may go where you like. [Adv. Clause]
You shall go when he comes. [Adv. Clause]
I know why he did it. [Noun Clause]
I don’t know how he did it. [Noun Clause]
Henry came here while I was eating.[Adv. Clause]

Types of adverb #13

Interrogative Adverbs

To start a wh-question to gain information

Interrogative AdverbsExamples
(1) Interrogative Adverbs of place
[2] Interrogative Adverbs of time
(3) Interrogative Adverbs of reason
[4) Interrogative Adverbs of manner
[5] Interrogative Adverbs of number
[6] Interrogative Adverbs of quantity
[7] Interrogative Adverbs of degree
[8] Interrogative Adverbs of frequency
Where is the book?
When will you go?
Why are you late?
How did you do this?
How many boys are there?
How much salt is there?
How far was the report true?
How often do you visit the temple?

Interrogative Adverbs: where, when, why, how, how much, how many, how far, how long

Interrogative Pronoun: who, whose, whom, what

Also, Read

Types of Phrases

Types of Phrases

Types of Conjunctions

Types of Conjunctions

Types of Modal Verbs

Types of Modal Verbs

Types of Auxiliary Verbs

Types of Auxiliary Verbs

Types of Prepositions with Examples

Types of Prepositions

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