Types of Sentences

A word or a group of words having a clear meaning in a given context is called a sentence.

Sentences are of five types according to their functions.

Types of Sentences

5 Types of Sentences


Sentences often have different functions. They can be grouped according to their purpose into five categories:

  • Declarative or assertive sentences
  • Interrogative sentences
  • Exclamatory sentences
  • Imperative sentences
  • Optative sentences

Types of Sentences #1


Declarative or Assertive Sentence

A sentence whose sole function is to state something is known as a declarative or an assertive sentence. In other words, such sentences declare or assert something to the listener or reader. They typically end with a full stop (.).

PATTERN – Sub. + Verb + Obj./Comp.

AFFIRMATIVENEGATIVEFUNCTION
Aman is a good boy.Aman is not a good boy.Statement
Aman Plays Football.Aman does not play football. Statement

Examples

  • There is no such thing as a free lunch.
  • Gregory is an introvert.
  • Meena will arrive on the 11th
  • of this month.
  • Asha had missed the train.
  • Harpal Singh is the accountant who works for this company.
  • Maurice was arrested for a misdemeanour.

Types of Sentences #2


Interrogative Sentences

The purpose of an interrogative sentence is simply to interrogate or to ask questions. They end with a question mark (?).

PATTERN 1 – Be/Have + Sub. + Main verb + Obj./Comp.

AFFIRMATIVENEGATIVEFUNCTION
Is Aman going to school?Is Aman not going to school?Question

PATTERN 2 – Helping verb + Sub. + Main verb + Obj./Comp.

AFFIRMATIVENEGATIVEFUNCTION
Does he play football?Does he not play football?Question

Examples

  • Is there another way to solve this problem?
  • Whom were you talking to yesterday?
  • Was this the person whom the witness identified?
  • Could there be a possibility for a refund?
  • Can we be friends again?
  • What is the meaning of life?

Types of Sentences #3


Imperative Sentences

Some sentences are spoken to convey a request or a command. Such sentences are known as imperative sentences. These sentences can either end with a full stop or an exclamation mark (!). It depends on how the sentence is conveyed. Many imperative sentences begin with a verb instead of a noun.

PATTERN – Verb + Obj./Comp. { Please + Verb + Obj./Comp.}

AFFIRMATIVENEGATIVEFUNCTION
Shut the door.Don’t shut the door.Order
Please, go there.Please don’t go there.Request

Examples

  • Please maintain silence. (request)
  • Leave the room now! (command)
  • Open the windows and let the air come in. (command)
  • Please tell me where the library is. (request)
  • Pardon me. (request)
  • Cut the cloth according to the measurement. (command)

Types of Sentences #4


Exclamatory Sentences

Some sentences express emotions such as fear, happiness, rage, or surprise. These sentences are called exclamatory sentences and they always end with an exclamation mark.

PATTERN 1 – Exclamatory word + Sub. + Verb + Obj./Comp.

AFFIRMATIVENEGATIVEFUNCTION
Hurrah! We have won the match.Alas! We have not won the match.Emotion

PATTERN 2 – What + Sub. (Subject Phrase) + Verb {How + Adj. + Sub. + Verb}

AFFIRMATIVENEGATIVEFUNCTION
What a nice bird it is! —-Emotion
How happy I am! —-Emotion

Examples

  • I cannot believe I won the lottery!
  • You should be ashamed of yourself!
  • What a lovely day!
  • How unfortunate can his life be!
  • Lo and behold! The car has been stolen!
  • The ocean is so terrifying at night!

Types of Sentences #5


Optative Sentences

Some sentences express a heartfelt wish, prayer, or even a curse. Such sentences are called optative sentences. They may end in a full stop or an exclamation mark.

PATTERN – May + Sub. + Verb + Obj./Comp. {Adv. +Veb + Sub.}

AFFIRMATIVENEGATIVEFUNCTION
May he be happy.May he not suffer more.Wish
Long live the king.Prayer

Examples

  • May the good Lord give you the strength to move on.
  • Adieu, my dearest friend—may you be happy!
  • May the best man win.
  • I curse the day you were born!
  • I pray that you succeed.
  • God help us!

You Asked, We Listened – List of All Grammar Chapters Updated 😍😍


Also, Read


Types of Figures of Speech

Figures of Speech

Subject Verb Agreement

Subject Verb Agreement

Degrees of Comparison

Degrees of Comparison

Time and Tense

Time and Tense

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