Gerund

A Gerund is a Verb that ends in ‘-ing’ and has the force of a Noun and a Verb. Hence, It is a ‘Double part of Speech’ – a noun and verb combined.

Gerund Examples: Talking is discouraged in this camp. Marushka took up singing. Nagging is something I cannot tolerate. I love sleeping till late in the evening. We forbid you from cheating. Retting is a micro-biological process. At the time of harvesting, plants are cut at or near the ground level.

* In these sentences ‘Talking‘, ‘Singing‘, ‘Nagging‘, ‘Sleeping‘, and ‘Cheating‘ are Gerund.

Gerund

Use of a Gerund


Use 1 – Subject of a Verb

Walking is good exercise.Painting is her hobby.
Reading is necessary for success.Smoking is injurious to health.

Use 2 – Object of a Verb

We enjoyed walking in the morning.I hate smoking
He taught me swimming.Your hair needs cutting.

Use 3 – Complement of a Verb

Seeing is believing.It is a good saying.
His constant habit is sleeping.What he likes best is swimming.
What I detest most is smoking.

Use 4 – Object of a preposition

She is fond of dancing.I am tired of sleeping for hours.
She is interested in collecting stamps.He went on hunting.
She earns her living by selling flowers.She lives on selling flowers.
We cannot live without learning.I think of retiring soon from service.

Use 5 – Being an Object takes an Object

He likes reading novels.She dislikes deceiving people.
The police denied using force.He avoided seeing the manager.

Use 6 – After the preposition ‘To’

I object to doing it. (not ‘ to do ‘ it)
He is accustomed to taking coffee. (not ‘ to take ‘)
I am looking forward to receiving an early reply. (not ‘ to receive ‘)

Use 7 – As a Compound Noun

I have lost my walking-stick.Did you buy a frying-pen?

Use 8 – Possessive case of Nouns and Pronouns before Gerund

I insist on your being present there. (not ‘on you’)
I ask the favor of your granting my prayer. (not ‘of you’)
The teacher was angry at Bithi’s coming late. (not ‘at Bithi’)

Difference between Gerund and Infinitive


In Modern Grammar, the difference between the simple infinitive and Gerundial Infinitive is not stressed as both of them may be transformed into a Gerund.

InfinitiveGerund
To walk is a good exercise.Walking is a good exercise.
To find fault is easy.Finding fault is easy.
He likes to play cricket.He likes playing cricket.
Potato chips are good to eat.Potato chips are good for eating.

Gerund Exercise


A. Fill in the blanks with the correct forms of Gerunds/Verbal Nouns from the verbs given in the brackets:

(1)…………………(see) is ……………………(believe).
(2) I am not afraid of…………………….(speak) the truth.
(3) The peacocks enjoy………………… (dance) in the rainy season.
(4) Do you mind ……………………..(open) the windows?
(5) I object to……………………….(do) it.
(6) She is fond of ……………….(sing) Rabindra Sangeet.
(7) He is addicted to …………………..(smoke).
(8) She is accustomed to……………….(take) tea in the morning.
(9) ………………….(smoke) is strictly prohibited on a bus.
(10) The students were rebuked for ……………(come) late.

B. Complete the following sentences with the help of the correct form of the words given in the brackets :

(1) I am looking forward to………. an early reply (receive).
(2) Children are fond of …………….mud castles (make).
(3) They were happy at ……………promoted (be).
(4) We are sure of ………………………the match (we, win).
(5)We heard of ………………….a prize (she, get).
(6) I can’t avoid …………….(meet, him).
(7) She is interested in …………………..stamps (collect).
(8) We insisted on …………………present in the meeting (she, be).
(9) I ask the favour of your ………………my prayer (grant).
(10) All depends on his ……………………the exam (pass).

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Also, Read


Time and Tense

Time and Tense

Gerund

Gerund

Determiners

Determiners

Punctuation

Punctuation

Nominal Compound

Nominal Compound

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