Nominal Compound

A NOMINAL COMPOUND is a combination of two or more words performing the function of a Noun as one unit.

Read the following sentences:

We had a light talk when we sat at the tea table.
All the valuables were kept in the iron safe.
How much is the bus fare from Kolkata to Digha?
Have you gone through the news bulletin in the newspaper?

Nominal Compound

In the above sentences, the words tea table, iron safe, bus fare, news bulletin, and newspaper are Nominal Compounds.

NOMINAL COMPOUNDSCOMPONENT WORDSPARTS OF SPEECH
Tea tableTea + tableNoun + Noun
Iron safeIron + safeNoun + Noun
Bus fareBus + fareNoun + Noun
News bulletinNews + bulletinNoun + Noun
NewspaperNews + paperNoun + Noun

We can break up the Nominal Compounds and work out their meanings in the following way.

Usually, the last word and the first word of the explanatory phrase exchange their position.

Tea table = a table for serving tea.
Iron safe = a safe made of iron.
Bus fare = fare for travelling by bus.
News bulletin = a bulletin containing news.
Newspaper = paper containing news.

For working out the meaning of a Nominal Compound, we generally begin with the last noun (‘table’ in the case of ‘tea table’; ‘safe’ in the case of ‘iron safe’; ‘fare’ in the case of bus fare’; ‘bulletin’ in the case of ‘news bulletin’; ‘paper in the case of ‘newspaper’ etc.


FORMATION OF NOMINAL COMPOUNDS


NOUN + NOUN

NOMINAL COMPOUNDSEXPLANATORY WORDSFORMATION
air mana man (employee) of an aircraft.[air + man]
football matcha match played with a football.[football + match]
radio programmea programme on the radio.[radio + programme]
lunch boxa box containing lunch.[lunch + box]
iron determinationa determination as strong as iron.[iron + determination]
stone walla wall made of stone.[stone + wall]
sportsmana man skilled in sports.[sports + man]
mountain streamsstreams in the mountains.[mountain + streams]
birthday partya party to celebrate your birthday.[birthday + party]
ceiling fana fan hanging from the ceiling.[ceiling + fan]

NOUN + VERB/VERBAL NOUN

NOMINAL COMPOUNDSEXPLANATORY WORDSFORMATION
fact findingfinding of fact.[fact + finding]
fault findingfinding of fault.[fault + finding]
fortune huntinghunting of fortune.[fortune + hunting]
loudspeakeran instrument bt which one can speak loudly.[loud + speaker]
record-breakingthat which breaks the record.[record + breaking]
bus stopa spot where buses stop.[bus + stop]
rainfallthe fall of the rain.[rain + fall]
sunrisethe rising of the sun.[sun + rise]
sunsetthe setting of the sun[sun + set]
oil paintingpainting with oil colour.[oil + painting]

VERB/VERBAL NOUN/GERUND + NOUN

NOMINAL COMPOUNDSEXPLANATORY WORDSFORMATION
breakfasta tiffin that breaks fasting overnight at daybreak.[break + fast]
burial groundthe ground where burial is done.[burial + ground]
dining tablea table for dining.[dining + table]
dotted graphgraph that is recorded with dots.[dotted + graph]
fishing boata boat for fishing.[fishing + boat]
flying fisha fish that flies. (a special kind of sea-fish.)[flying + fish]
frying pana pan for frying.[frying + pan]
hunger strikea strike carried with hunger.[hunger + strike]
looking-glassa glass used for looking.[looking + glass]
pickpocketone who picks pocket.[pick + pocket]

NOUN + ADJECTIVE

NOMINAL COMPOUNDSEXPLANATORY WORDSFORMATION
eco-friendlyfriendly with the ecosystem.[eco + friendly]
flood-strickenthat which is stricken by a flood.[flood + stricken]
homesickone who feels sick (sickness) at home.[home + sick]
sea greenthat which is green like the sea.[sea + green]
snow-whitethat which is white like snow.[snow + white]
sun-burntthat which is burnt by the sun.[sun + burnt]
thunderstruckthat which is struck by thunder.[thunder + struck]

ADJECTIVE + NOUN

NOMINAL COMPOUNDSEXPLANATORY WORDSFORMATION
blackboarda board painted black.[black + board]
darkrooma room for processing photos in darkness.[dark + room]
first aidaids for applying first.[first + aid]
leaden hearta heart that is made of lead.[leaden + heart]
mainspringa spring that operates the main function.[main + spring]
magic lanterna lantern used for showing magic.[magic + lantern]
metal moneymoney made of metal.[metal + money]
postal serviceservice is given by the postal department.[postal + service]
solar energythe energy emitting from the sun.[solar + energy]

MORE NOMINAL COMPOUNDS


Pronoun + nounhe-goat, she-goat, he-man.
Adjective + nouneasy-chair [a chair on which one can sit at ease]
Adjective + nounbest-seller [that which sells best]
Adjective + adjectiveblue-black [that which is a blue and black tool]
Adjective + verbshort cut [that which is cut short]
Adjective + verbwhite wash [a wash with white]
Adjective + prepositionleft-over [that which is left over a time]
Verb + nounwash-basin [a basin for washing]
Verb + pronounhold-all [that can hold all the required things]
Verb + verbhearsay [that which is generally said and heard]
Verb + adverbknow-how [the technique of knowing how it is done]
Adverb + adverbwherever, whenever
Verb + prepositionblow-up, cover-up, fall-out, lay-off, lay-out, make-up, turn-over, walk-out
Preposition + verbover-flow, out-cry, outlet, outlook, uplift, uproar, upstart
Preposition + nounby-law, off-print, over-coat, over-sight, over-work, over-exercise, over-time, over-production, out-growth.
Noun + prepositionlock-up.

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Also, Read


Time and Tense

Time and Tense

Gerund

Gerund

Determiners

Determiners

Punctuation

Punctuation

Nominal Compound

Nominal Compound

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