Joining Sentences

Joining sentences involves the combination of two or more short sentences into a single sentence.

We can join two or more sentences into a single sentence by making it:

  • Simple sentence
  • Complex sentence
  • Compound sentence
Joining Sentences

Ways Of Joining Sentences #1


Joining Sentences into a Simple Sentence

Rule 1: By using an Infinitive

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SentencesJoining
She loves to read. The novel is interesting.She loves to read the interesting novel.
He has a desire. He wants to travel the world.He has a desire to travel the world.
They practice regularly. They aim to improve.They practice regularly to improve.
She has a goal. She wants to learn French.She has a goal to learn French.
He works hard. He wishes to achieve success.He works hard to achieve success.

Rule 2: Putting an adjective before a noun

SentencesJoining
The car is fast. I want to buy it.I want to buy the fast car.
She has a cat. The cat is playful.She has a playful cat.
He met a girl. The girl is intelligent.He met an intelligent girl.
There is a house. The house is old.There is an old house.
I found a book. The book is interesting.I found an interesting book.

Rule 3: Using an Adverb or Adverbial Phrase

SentencesJoining
She will finish the project. It is certain.She will certainly finish the project.
He plays the piano. He plays it with great skill.He plays the piano with great skill. (Adv. phrase)
They will complete the assignment. There is no doubt.They will undoubtedly complete the assignment.
The sun will rise tomorrow. It is guaranteed.The sun will rise tomorrow without a doubt. (Adv. phrase)
She can solve the puzzle. She can solve it easily.She can easily solve the puzzle.

Rule 4: Using a Present Participle

SentencesJoining
Do not touch the stove. It is burning.Do not touch the burning stove.
Do not play with the fire. It is burning.Do not play with the burning fire.
The child was hungry. She ate a snack.Being hungry, the child ate a snack.
The dog was cold. It curled up in a blanket.Being cold, the dog curled up in a blanket.
We saw a homeless man. He was eating out of a dumpster.We saw a homeless man eating out of a dumpster.

Rule 5: Using a Past Participle

SentencesJoining
We noticed a car. It was abandoned on the side of the road. We noticed an abandoned car on the side of the road.
They encountered a problem. It was unexpected.They encountered an unexpected problem.
She found a book. It was hidden behind the shelf.She found a book hidden behind the shelf.

Rule 6: Using a Perfect Participle

SentencesJoining
She read the book. She wrote a summary.Having read the book, she wrote a summary.
They explored the ancient ruins. They took many photographs.Having explored the ancient ruins, they took many photographs.
He solved the puzzle. He felt a sense of accomplishment.Having solved the puzzle, he felt a sense of accomplishment.
They completed the marathon. They received medals.Having completed the marathon, they received medals.
She finished the painting. She signed it.Having finished the painting, she signed it.

Rule 7: Using a Preposition with a Verbal Noun/Gerund

SentencesJoining
He received a job offer. He jumped with joy.On receiving the job offer, he jumped with joy.
They saw the results of the experiment. They were amazed.On seeing the results of the experiment, they were amazed.
She received a promotion at work. She threw a party to celebrate.On receiving a promotion at work, she threw a party to celebrate.

Rule 8: Using a Prepositional Phrase

SentencesJoining
The cat climbed the tree. It wanted to catch the bird.The cat climbed the tree in an attempt to catch the bird.
He worked hard. He won the prize.He won the prize by dint of hard work.

Rule 9: Using a Noun/Phrase in Apposition

SentencesJoining
Maria is an excellent pianist. She performed at the concert.Maria, an excellent pianist, performed at the concert.
Tom is a skilled chef. He prepared a delicious meal.Tom, a skilled chef, prepared a delicious meal.
The city has a famous landmark. It attracts tourists from around the world.The city, home to a famous landmark, attracts tourists from around the world.

 

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Rule 10: Using a Nominative Absolute [an Absolute Phrase]

SentencesJoining
The train arrived at the station.
The passengers disembarked.
The train having arrived at the station, the passengers disembarked.
The chef prepared the ingredients.
The aroma filled the kitchen.
The chef, having prepared the ingredients, the aroma filled the kitchen.
The concert started.
The audience applauded.
The concert having started, the audience applauded.


Ways Of Joining Sentences #2


Joining Sentences Into Complex Sentence

Rule 1: Joining with a Noun Clause
Linker: (that, who, which, what, why, if, etc.)

SentencesJoining
He passed the exam. I am certain about it.I am certain that he passed the exam.
She solved the puzzle. I am curious about it.I am curious about how she solved the puzzle.
They missed the deadline. This is our concern.Our concern is that they missed the deadline.
They are celebrating. We are unaware of the occasion.We are unaware of why they are celebrating.

Rule 2. Joining with a Relative Clause
Linker: who, whose, whom, which, when, where, why, that, etc.

Original Sentences: Mary is a talented musician. I met her yesterday.
Combined Sentence with a Relative Clause: Mary, whom I met yesterday, is a talented musician.

Original Sentences: The book is on the shelf. I was searching for it.
Combined Sentence with a Relative Clause: The book that I was searching for is on the shelf.

Original Sentences: The professor is very knowledgeable. I attend his lectures.
Combined Sentence with a Relative Clause: The professor whose lectures I attend is very knowledgeable.

Original Sentences: The city is beautiful. I visited it last summer.
Combined Sentence with a Relative Clause: The city that I visited last summer is beautiful.

Original Sentences: The reason is not clear. I cannot understand it.
Combined Sentence with a Relative Clause: The reason why I cannot understand it is not clear.

Original Sentences: The house is old. They live in it.
Combined Sentence with a Relative Clause: The house in which they live is old.

Original Sentences: This is the place. We first met here.
Combined Sentence with a Relative Clause: This is the place where we first met.

Original Sentences: The dog is friendly. I adopted it from the shelter.
Combined Sentence with a Relative Clause: The dog that I adopted from the shelter is friendly.

Rule 3: Joining with an Adverbial Clause
Linker: If, though, as, when, where, so that, etc.

If: She will come to the party. You invite her.
Combined Sentence: She will come to the party if you invite her.

Though: It is raining. We will go for a walk.
Combined Sentence: We will go for a walk, though it is raining.

As: I was leaving. The phone rang.
Combined Sentence: As I was leaving, the phone rang.

When: The sun sets. We will start the barbecue.
Combined Sentence: We will start the barbecue when the sun sets.

Where: She visited Paris. She met her long-lost friend there.
Combined Sentence: She visited Paris where she met her long-lost friend.

So that: Study hard. You will pass the exam.
Combined Sentence: Study hard so that you will pass the exam.

Although: It’s hot. I enjoy going for a run.
Combined Sentence: Although it’s hot, I enjoy going for a run.


Ways Of Joining Sentences #3


Joining Sentences Into Compound Sentence

Rule 1: Using Co-ordinating Conjunctions (and, but, or, So, therefore, yet, either….or, neither….nor)

And: I love hiking. My brother prefers swimming. Compound Sentence: I love hiking, and my brother prefers swimming.

But: He is intelligent. He failed the exam. Compound Sentence: He is intelligent but he failed the exam.

Or: We can watch a movie. We can go for a walk. Compound Sentence: We can watch a movie or go for a walk.

So: The sun was setting. We decided to set up a campfire. Compound Sentence: The sun was setting, so we decided to set up a campfire.

Yet: It was raining. We decided to go for a picnic. Compound Sentence: It was raining, yet we decided to go for a picnic.

Either…or: You can choose pizza. You can choose pasta. Compound Sentence: You can either choose pizza or pasta.

Neither…nor: She neither likes coffee. She likes tea. Compound Sentence: She neither likes coffee nor tea.


Joining Sentences Exercises


Joining Sentences Exercise for Grades 8, 9 & 10

Instructions: Combine the following pairs of sentences using appropriate conjunctions, relative pronouns, or other connecting words.

  1. The sun was setting. The sky turned shades of orange and pink.
  2. She is an excellent artist. She often draws portraits of her friends.
  3. The students worked hard. They wanted to impress their teacher.
  4. The movie was exciting. It had a surprising twist at the end.
  5. The old house is haunted. Many people avoid walking past it at night.
  6. They missed the bus. They had to find an alternate mode of transportation.
  7. The scientists conducted experiments. They were trying to discover a cure for the disease.
  8. It was a rainy day. We decided to stay indoors and play board games.
  9. The novel was long and complex. I enjoyed reading it.
  10. The bakery sells delicious pastries. The aroma always attracts customers.

Answers:

  1. As the sun was setting, the sky turned shades of orange and pink.
  2. She is an excellent artist who often draws portraits of her friends.
  3. The students worked hard to impress their teacher.
  4. The movie, which was exciting, had a surprising twist at the end.
  5. The old house, which is haunted, is avoided by many people at night.
  6. Having missed the bus, they had to find an alternate mode of transportation.
  7. The scientists conducted experiments in an attempt to discover a cure for the disease.
  8. Because it was a rainy day, we decided to stay indoors and play board games.
  9. Although the novel was long and complex, I enjoyed reading it.
  10. The bakery, which sells delicious pastries, always attracts customers with its aroma.

Joining Sentences Exercise for Grades 6, 7 & 8

Instructions: Combine the following pairs of sentences using conjunctions or connecting words.

  1. The cat sat on the windowsill. It watched the birds outside.
  2. Mary is allergic to peanuts. She brought a peanut butter sandwich for lunch.
  3. The students finished their project. They celebrated their success.
  4. The alarm clock rang. She woke up immediately.
  5. Emily practiced the piano for hours. She wanted to perform well in the concert.
  6. It was raining heavily. The soccer match was canceled.
  7. The garden is beautiful. I often spend time reading there.
  8. Tom enjoys science. He finds it fascinating.
  9. The bicycle had a flat tire. I had to walk to school.
  10. Julia studied hard for the test. She didn’t perform well.

Answers:

  1. The cat sat on the windowsill and watched the birds outside.
  2. Although Mary is allergic to peanuts, she brought a peanut butter sandwich for lunch.
  3. The students finished their project, and they celebrated their success.
  4. When the alarm clock rang, she woke up immediately.
  5. Emily practiced the piano for hours so that she could perform well in the concert.
  6. Because it was raining heavily, the soccer match was canceled.
  7. The garden is beautiful, and I often spend time reading there.
  8. Tom enjoys science because he finds it fascinating.
  9. The bicycle had a flat tire, so I had to walk to school.
  10. Although Julia studied hard for the test, she didn’t perform well.

Joining Sentences Exercise for Grades 3, 4 & 5

Instructions: Combine the following pairs of sentences using basic conjunctions or connecting words.

  1. The sun is up. The sky is blue.
  2. Lucy has a yellow dress. She also has a red one.
  3. Max went to the store. He bought candy.
  4. The cat is black. It has green eyes.
  5. It’s a rainy day. We will stay inside.

Answers:

  1. The sun is up and the sky is blue.
  2. Lucy has a yellow dress and a red one.
  3. Max went to the store and bought candy.
  4. The cat is black with green eyes.
  5. It’s a rainy day, so we will stay inside.


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