Joining sentences involves the combination of two or more short sentences into a single sentence.
We can join two or more sentences into a single sentence by making it:
- Simple sentence
- Complex sentence
- Compound sentence
Ways Of Joining Sentences #1
Joining Sentences into a Simple Sentence
Rule 1: By using an Infinitive
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|She loves to read. The novel is interesting.||She loves to read the interesting novel.|
|He has a desire. He wants to travel the world.||He has a desire to travel the world.|
|They practice regularly. They aim to improve.||They practice regularly to improve.|
|She has a goal. She wants to learn French.||She has a goal to learn French.|
|He works hard. He wishes to achieve success.||He works hard to achieve success.|
Rule 2: Putting an adjective before a noun
|The car is fast. I want to buy it.||I want to buy the fast car.|
|She has a cat. The cat is playful.||She has a playful cat.|
|He met a girl. The girl is intelligent.||He met an intelligent girl.|
|There is a house. The house is old.||There is an old house.|
|I found a book. The book is interesting.||I found an interesting book.|
Rule 3: Using an Adverb or Adverbial Phrase
|She will finish the project. It is certain.||She will certainly finish the project.|
|He plays the piano. He plays it with great skill.||He plays the piano with great skill. (Adv. phrase)|
|They will complete the assignment. There is no doubt.||They will undoubtedly complete the assignment.|
|The sun will rise tomorrow. It is guaranteed.||The sun will rise tomorrow without a doubt. (Adv. phrase)|
|She can solve the puzzle. She can solve it easily.||She can easily solve the puzzle.|
Rule 4: Using a Present Participle
|Do not touch the stove. It is burning.||Do not touch the burning stove.|
|Do not play with the fire. It is burning.||Do not play with the burning fire.|
|The child was hungry. She ate a snack.||Being hungry, the child ate a snack.|
|The dog was cold. It curled up in a blanket.||Being cold, the dog curled up in a blanket.|
|We saw a homeless man. He was eating out of a dumpster.||We saw a homeless man eating out of a dumpster.|
Rule 5: Using a Past Participle
|We noticed a car. It was abandoned on the side of the road.||We noticed an abandoned car on the side of the road.|
|They encountered a problem. It was unexpected.||They encountered an unexpected problem.|
|She found a book. It was hidden behind the shelf.||She found a book hidden behind the shelf.|
Rule 6: Using a Perfect Participle
|She read the book. She wrote a summary.||Having read the book, she wrote a summary.|
|They explored the ancient ruins. They took many photographs.||Having explored the ancient ruins, they took many photographs.|
|He solved the puzzle. He felt a sense of accomplishment.||Having solved the puzzle, he felt a sense of accomplishment.|
|They completed the marathon. They received medals.||Having completed the marathon, they received medals.|
|She finished the painting. She signed it.||Having finished the painting, she signed it.|
Rule 7: Using a Preposition with a Verbal Noun/Gerund
|He received a job offer. He jumped with joy.||On receiving the job offer, he jumped with joy.|
|They saw the results of the experiment. They were amazed.||On seeing the results of the experiment, they were amazed.|
|She received a promotion at work. She threw a party to celebrate.||On receiving a promotion at work, she threw a party to celebrate.|
Rule 8: Using a Prepositional Phrase
|The cat climbed the tree. It wanted to catch the bird.||The cat climbed the tree in an attempt to catch the bird.|
|He worked hard. He won the prize.||He won the prize by dint of hard work.|
Rule 9: Using a Noun/Phrase in Apposition
|Maria is an excellent pianist. She performed at the concert.||Maria, an excellent pianist, performed at the concert.|
|Tom is a skilled chef. He prepared a delicious meal.||Tom, a skilled chef, prepared a delicious meal.|
|The city has a famous landmark. It attracts tourists from around the world.||The city, home to a famous landmark, attracts tourists from around the world.|
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Rule 10: Using a Nominative Absolute [an Absolute Phrase]
|The train arrived at the station.|
The passengers disembarked.
|The train having arrived at the station, the passengers disembarked.|
|The chef prepared the ingredients.|
The aroma filled the kitchen.
|The chef, having prepared the ingredients, the aroma filled the kitchen.|
|The concert started.|
The audience applauded.
|The concert having started, the audience applauded.|
Ways Of Joining Sentences #2
Joining Sentences Into Complex Sentence
Rule 1: Joining with a Noun Clause
Linker: (that, who, which, what, why, if, etc.)
|He passed the exam. I am certain about it.||I am certain that he passed the exam.|
|She solved the puzzle. I am curious about it.||I am curious about how she solved the puzzle.|
|They missed the deadline. This is our concern.||Our concern is that they missed the deadline.|
|They are celebrating. We are unaware of the occasion.||We are unaware of why they are celebrating.|
Rule 2. Joining with a Relative Clause
Linker: who, whose, whom, which, when, where, why, that, etc.
Original Sentences: Mary is a talented musician. I met her yesterday.
Combined Sentence with a Relative Clause: Mary, whom I met yesterday, is a talented musician.
Original Sentences: The book is on the shelf. I was searching for it.
Combined Sentence with a Relative Clause: The book that I was searching for is on the shelf.
Original Sentences: The professor is very knowledgeable. I attend his lectures.
Combined Sentence with a Relative Clause: The professor whose lectures I attend is very knowledgeable.
Original Sentences: The city is beautiful. I visited it last summer.
Combined Sentence with a Relative Clause: The city that I visited last summer is beautiful.
Original Sentences: The reason is not clear. I cannot understand it.
Combined Sentence with a Relative Clause: The reason why I cannot understand it is not clear.
Original Sentences: The house is old. They live in it.
Combined Sentence with a Relative Clause: The house in which they live is old.
Original Sentences: This is the place. We first met here.
Combined Sentence with a Relative Clause: This is the place where we first met.
Original Sentences: The dog is friendly. I adopted it from the shelter.
Combined Sentence with a Relative Clause: The dog that I adopted from the shelter is friendly.
Rule 3: Joining with an Adverbial Clause
Linker: If, though, as, when, where, so that, etc.
If: She will come to the party. You invite her.
Combined Sentence: She will come to the party if you invite her.
Though: It is raining. We will go for a walk.
Combined Sentence: We will go for a walk, though it is raining.
As: I was leaving. The phone rang.
Combined Sentence: As I was leaving, the phone rang.
When: The sun sets. We will start the barbecue.
Combined Sentence: We will start the barbecue when the sun sets.
Where: She visited Paris. She met her long-lost friend there.
Combined Sentence: She visited Paris where she met her long-lost friend.
So that: Study hard. You will pass the exam.
Combined Sentence: Study hard so that you will pass the exam.
Although: It’s hot. I enjoy going for a run.
Combined Sentence: Although it’s hot, I enjoy going for a run.
Ways Of Joining Sentences #3
Joining Sentences Into Compound Sentence
Rule 1: Using Co-ordinating Conjunctions (and, but, or, So, therefore, yet, either….or, neither….nor)
And: I love hiking. My brother prefers swimming. Compound Sentence: I love hiking, and my brother prefers swimming.
But: He is intelligent. He failed the exam. Compound Sentence: He is intelligent but he failed the exam.
Or: We can watch a movie. We can go for a walk. Compound Sentence: We can watch a movie or go for a walk.
So: The sun was setting. We decided to set up a campfire. Compound Sentence: The sun was setting, so we decided to set up a campfire.
Yet: It was raining. We decided to go for a picnic. Compound Sentence: It was raining, yet we decided to go for a picnic.
Either…or: You can choose pizza. You can choose pasta. Compound Sentence: You can either choose pizza or pasta.
Neither…nor: She neither likes coffee. She likes tea. Compound Sentence: She neither likes coffee nor tea.
Joining Sentences Exercises
Joining Sentences Exercise for Grades 8, 9 & 10
Instructions: Combine the following pairs of sentences using appropriate conjunctions, relative pronouns, or other connecting words.
- The sun was setting. The sky turned shades of orange and pink.
- She is an excellent artist. She often draws portraits of her friends.
- The students worked hard. They wanted to impress their teacher.
- The movie was exciting. It had a surprising twist at the end.
- The old house is haunted. Many people avoid walking past it at night.
- They missed the bus. They had to find an alternate mode of transportation.
- The scientists conducted experiments. They were trying to discover a cure for the disease.
- It was a rainy day. We decided to stay indoors and play board games.
- The novel was long and complex. I enjoyed reading it.
- The bakery sells delicious pastries. The aroma always attracts customers.
- As the sun was setting, the sky turned shades of orange and pink.
- She is an excellent artist who often draws portraits of her friends.
- The students worked hard to impress their teacher.
- The movie, which was exciting, had a surprising twist at the end.
- The old house, which is haunted, is avoided by many people at night.
- Having missed the bus, they had to find an alternate mode of transportation.
- The scientists conducted experiments in an attempt to discover a cure for the disease.
- Because it was a rainy day, we decided to stay indoors and play board games.
- Although the novel was long and complex, I enjoyed reading it.
- The bakery, which sells delicious pastries, always attracts customers with its aroma.
Joining Sentences Exercise for Grades 6, 7 & 8
Instructions: Combine the following pairs of sentences using conjunctions or connecting words.
- The cat sat on the windowsill. It watched the birds outside.
- Mary is allergic to peanuts. She brought a peanut butter sandwich for lunch.
- The students finished their project. They celebrated their success.
- The alarm clock rang. She woke up immediately.
- Emily practiced the piano for hours. She wanted to perform well in the concert.
- It was raining heavily. The soccer match was canceled.
- The garden is beautiful. I often spend time reading there.
- Tom enjoys science. He finds it fascinating.
- The bicycle had a flat tire. I had to walk to school.
- Julia studied hard for the test. She didn’t perform well.
- The cat sat on the windowsill and watched the birds outside.
- Although Mary is allergic to peanuts, she brought a peanut butter sandwich for lunch.
- The students finished their project, and they celebrated their success.
- When the alarm clock rang, she woke up immediately.
- Emily practiced the piano for hours so that she could perform well in the concert.
- Because it was raining heavily, the soccer match was canceled.
- The garden is beautiful, and I often spend time reading there.
- Tom enjoys science because he finds it fascinating.
- The bicycle had a flat tire, so I had to walk to school.
- Although Julia studied hard for the test, she didn’t perform well.
Joining Sentences Exercise for Grades 3, 4 & 5
Instructions: Combine the following pairs of sentences using basic conjunctions or connecting words.
- The sun is up. The sky is blue.
- Lucy has a yellow dress. She also has a red one.
- Max went to the store. He bought candy.
- The cat is black. It has green eyes.
- It’s a rainy day. We will stay inside.
- The sun is up and the sky is blue.
- Lucy has a yellow dress and a red one.
- Max went to the store and bought candy.
- The cat is black with green eyes.
- It’s a rainy day, so we will stay inside.
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