Transformation of Sentence

Transformation of a sentence is the change of form of the sentence without changing the meaning.

Transformation of Sentence Content: Important rules, Tips, Patterns and 60+ Examples.

Transformation of Sentence

Transformation of Sentence #Type 1


Simple to Complex Sentence 


Pattern 1: By using a Noun Clause or Nominal Clause

SENTENCE (Simple)TRANSFORMED (Complex)
I hope to win the prize.I hope that I shall win the prize.
I am sure of her success in the exam.I am sure that she will succeed in the exam.
I prayed for his recovery.I prayed that he might recover.
His silence proves his guilt.His silence proves that he is guilty.
She heard the child crying.She heard that the child was crying.

Pattern 2: By using an Adjective Clause or Relative Clause

SENTENCE (Simple)TRANSFORMED (Complex)
He is an unhappy man.He is a man who is unhappy.
I saw a wounded bird.I saw a bird that was wounded.
I remember the advice of my departed father.I remember the advice which was given by my departed father.
He is the last man to utter such a word.He is the last man who can utter such a word.
I want a new car to drive.I want a new car that I can drive.
His statement is true.The statement that he gave is true.
[Or] It is not that his statement is not true.
[Or] What he stated is true.

Pattern 3: By using an Adverb Clause

SENTENCE (Simple)TRANSFORMED (Complex)
Being rich he cannot feel for the poor.As he is rich he cannot feel for the poor.
He is too weak to carry the load.He is so weak that he cannot carry the load.
He is working hard to finish the job.He is working hard so that he may finish the job.
Wait here till my arrival.Wait here till I arrive.
In spite of being old, he carried a load of two baskets.Though he was old, he carried a load of two baskets.
Do not go out without permission.Do not go out if you do not get permission.
He failed to my great surprise.As he failed, I was greatly surprised

Transformation of Sentence #Type 2


Complex Sentence to Simple Sentence


Pattern 1: Converting a Noun Clause into a phrase or a word

SENTENCE (Complex)TRANSFORMED (Simple)
That he is happy is known to all.His happiness is known to all.
Her face shows that she is ill.Her face shows her illness.
The truth is that he was absent.To tell the truth, he was absent.
I expect that better times will come.I expect to get better times.
[Or] I expect better times to come.
It is the scarcity of a thing that makes it treasured.The scarcity of a thing makes it treasured.

Pattern 2: Converting an Adjective Clause into a phrase or a word

SENTENCE (Complex)TRANSFORMED (Simple)
Such boys who are lazy dislike work.Lazy boys dislike work.
They cannot forget the losses that they have suffered.They cannot forget the losses suffered by them.
The statement you made is wrong.Your statement is wrong.
A man who is dead needs no riches.A dead man needs no riches.

Pattern 3: Converting an Adverb Clause into a phrase or a word

SENTENCE (Complex)TRANSFORMED (Simple)
While there is life, there is hope.There is hope till life.
He was absent because he was ill.He was absent due to his illness.
He could not attend the function because he was ill.He could not attend the function on account of his illness.
Though he got the news, he was not happy.In spite of getting the news, he was not happy.
When the cat is out the mice will play.In absence of the cat, the mice will play.
They cried as loudly as they could.They cried at the top of their voice.

Transformation of Sentence #Type 3


Simple to Compound Sentence


Pattern 1: By using Cumulative Conjunctions [and, also, both….and, as well as, not less than, not only….but also, etc.]

SENTENCE (Simple)TRANSFORMED (Compound)
Going to the Science City he was surprised.He went to Science City and he was surprised.
Besides money, health is necessary to be happy.Not only money but also health is necessary to be happy.
[Or] Money well health is necessary to be happy.
To add to his misfortunes his father died.His father died and this added to his misfortune.

Pattern 2: By using Adversative Conjunctions [but, still yet, nevertheless, however, whereas, etc]

SENTENCE (Simple)TRANSFORMED (Compound)
In spite of being old he was young at heart.He was old but (he was) young at heart.
Notwithstanding her pitfalls, I love her.She has her pitfalls, yet (nevertheless) I love her.
Although very ill, he goes to his office.He is very ill but (still) he goes to his office.

Pattern 3: By using Alternative Conjunctions [either….or, neither….nor, or, else, otherwise, etc.]

SENTENCE (Simple)TRANSFORMED (Compound)
You must avoid smoking to live longer.You must avoid smoking otherwise you will not live long.
Don’t be a borrower or a lender.Neither a borrower nor a lender is.
Take another chance at the peril of your life.Do take another chance, else your life will be in peril.

Pattern 4: By using Illative Conjunctions [therefore, then, so, for, etc.]

SENTENCE (Simple)TRANSFORMED (Compound)
His works being unsatisfactory he was dismissed.His work was unsatisfactory, therefore he was dismissed.
He gained promotion by virtue of his sincerity.He was sincere, so he gained a promotion.

Transformation of Sentence #Type 4


Compound to Simple Sentence


Pattern 1: By using a Participle (verb+ing-form)

SENTENCE (Compound)TRANSFORMED (Simple)
Rahim went home and took a rest for a while.Going home Rahim took a rest for a while.
He was very sorry and left for home early.Being very sorry he left for home early.

Pattern 2: By using a Prepositional Phrase

SENTENCE (Compound)TRANSFORMED (Simple)
He was poor but he did not blame his fate.In spite of being poor, he did not blame his fate.
Dr Roy was not only a physician but also a statesman.Besides being a physician Dr Roy was a statesman.

Pattern 3: By using an Infinitive

SENTENCE (Compound)TRANSFORMED (Simple)
You must give up smoking or you will suffer.You must give up smoking to avoid suffering.
He must work or he will fail.He must work to escape failure.

Transformation of Sentence #Type 5


Complex to Compound sentence


Pattern: By using ‘and’, ‘or, ‘but

SENTENCE (Complex)TRANSFORMED (Compound)
Though he is poor, he is honest.He is poor but he is honest.
If you do it, you will be punished.Do it and you will be punished.
If you do not do is you will be punished.Do it or you will be punished.
If you do not work hard, you will fail.Work hard or you will fail.
I am sure that you are wrong.You are wrong and I am sure of this (it).
As he was ill, he could not go.He was ill and therefore he could not go.
Unless you do it, you will regret it.Do it or you will regret it.

Transformation of Sentence #Type 6


Compound to Complex Sentence


Pattern: By using ‘if-clause’, ‘though-clause’, ‘as-clause’ or ‘because-clause’

SENTENCE (Compound)TRANSFORMED (Complex)
Obey me or you will be beaten.If you do not obey me, you will be beaten.
One word more and I will turn you out.If you utter one word more, I will turn you out.
They were poor but they were happy.Though they were poor, they were happy.
He gives a command and it is immediately carried out.As soon as he gives a command, it is carried out.
It was a rainy day and so we did not go to school.As it was a rainy day, we did not go to school.
[Or] We did not go to school because it was a rainy day.

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Also, Read


Time and Tense

Time and Tense

Gerund

Gerund

Determiners

Determiners

Punctuation

Punctuation

Nominal Compound

Nominal Compound

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