Adjective Phrases

A phrase is a collection of words without a subject or predicate. The phrase is the fundamental building block of English grammar.

An Adjective Phrase is a group of words that work as an adjective.

Adjective Phrases

Adjective Phrase Definition

An adjective phrase is a group of words that act as adjectives to qualify a noun or pronoun. It can be the subject part or the predicate part.

Adjective Phrase Examples

  • I saw a woman with long hair.
  • John is a man of kind nature.
  • Yesterday, I met an old man too weak to walk.
  • A girl with blue eyes met me yesterday.

Adjectives and Adjective Phrases

AdjectiveAdj. Phrases
A black coat.A coat of black colour.
A golden crown.A crown made of gold.
A blank page.A page with no writing on it.
The American flag.The flag of America.

Uses of Adjective Phrases

A. Adjective phrases do the job of an adjective. It qualifies the noun.

B. Adjective phrases are introduced by some prepositions; For examples

  • Tom is without fear. [Without fear is an adj. phrase used predicatively]
  • The books on the table are old. [The adj. phrase ‘on the table’ qualifies ‘books’ ]
  • I saw the women of the village. [The adj. phrase “of the village” defines ‘women’]
  • The boy with curly hair is my brother. [The adj. phrase “with the curly hair” qualifies as ‘boy’.]

C. Sometimes adjective phrases begin with a present participle; For examples

  • Bring us the glass containing water. [“Containing water” is an adj. phrase. It begins with the present participle containing and qualifies glass.]
  • We saw three birds building a nest. [The present participle ‘building a nest’ is an adj. phrase defining birds.
  • The woman wearing a green sari is my mother. [The present participle ‘wearing a green sari’ is an adj. phrase that qualifies woman.]

D. Adj. phrases may begin with a past participle; For examples

  • We took the cakes baked by your aunt. [‘Baked by your aunt’ is an adj. phrase. It begins with the past participle baked. It qualifies as cakes.]
  • We felt sorry for the deer killed by the hunter. [“Killed by the hunter” is a past participle adj. phrase qualifying deer.]

Also, Read

Examples of Noun Phrase

Noun Phrase

Types of Phrases

Types of Phrases

Wh Words

Wh Words



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