A phrase is a collection of words without a subject or predicate. The phrase is the fundamental building block of English grammar.
An Adjective Phrase is a group of words that work as an adjective.
Adjective Phrase Definition
An adjective phrase is a group of words that act as adjectives to qualify a noun or pronoun. It can be the subject part or the predicate part.
Adjective Phrase Examples
- The cat with white fur is sleeping on the couch.
- John is a man of kind nature.
- The car with a broken engine needs to be fixed.
- The cake with layers of frosting looked delicious.
Adjectives and Adjective Phrases
|A black coat.||A coat of black colour.|
|A golden crown.||A crown made of gold.|
|A blank page.||A page with no writing on it.|
|The American flag.||The flag of America.|
Uses of Adjective Phrases
Use 1. Adjective phrases do the job of an adjective. It qualifies the noun.
Use 2. Adjective phrases are introduced by some prepositions; For examples
- The cake with the chocolate frosting is delicious. [The adj. phrase “with the chocolate frosting” qualifies ‘cake’.]
- The man in the blue suit is the Manager. [The adj. phrase “in the blue suit” qualifies ‘man’.]
- The car from Japan is very reliable. [The adj. phrase “from Japan” defines ‘car’.]
- The house on the hill has a great view. [The adj. phrase “on the hill” qualifies ‘house’.]
- The girl with the backpack is my classmate. [The adj. phrase “with the backpack” qualifies ‘girl’.]
Use 3. Sometimes adjective phrases begin with a present participle; For examples
- The boy holding a baseball bat hit a home run. [The present participle ‘holding a baseball bat’ is an adj. phrase that describes the boy.]
- The car parked in the garage belongs to my cousin. [The present participle ‘parked in the garage’ is an adj. phrase that qualifies the car.]
- The students studying in the library are preparing for their exams. [The present participle ‘studying in the library’ is an adj. phrase that modifies the students.]
- The cake baked by my grandmother is delicious. [The present participle ‘baked by my grandmother’ is an adj. phrase that describes the cake.]
- The dog chasing its tail is very energetic. [The present participle ‘chasing its tail’ is an adj. phrase that describes the dog.]
Use 4. Adj. phrases may begin with a past participle; For examples
- The book written by my favourite author is my favourite novel. [“Written by my favourite author” is a past participle adj. phrase qualifying book.]
- The song sung by Adele always makes me emotional. [“Sung by Adele” is a past participle adj. phrase qualifying song.]
- The movie directed by Christopher Nolan won several awards. [“Directed by Christopher Nolan” is a past participle adj. phrase qualifying movie.]
- The painting created by Picasso is worth millions of dollars. [“Created by Picasso” is a past participle adj. phrase qualifying painting.]
- The play written by Shakespeare is a masterpiece of literature. [“Written by Shakespeare” is a past participle adj. phrase qualifying play.]