A preposition is a word that is placed before a noun or noun equivalent to show its relation to some other word in the sentence.
In this post, you will learn 6 Types of Prepositions.
Types of Prepositions
There are 6 types of Prepositions
- Simple Prepositions
- Double Prepositions
- Compound Prepositions
- Participle Prepositions
- Phrase Prepositions
- Disguised Prepositions
at, after, by, for, from, in, of, on, out, over, through, till, up, under, with, off, till, over, etc.
- He has cut his finger with a knife.
- Geetanjali was written by Rabindranath.
- He will arrive at 10 a.m.
- Trains pass through the tunnel.
- Ranjan left after I had come.
- The river flows under the bridge.
- The bridge is built over the river.
- He will be studying from 7 to 10 a.m.
- Will you go with me for a walk?
- He is one of Satishbabu’s sons.
- The mountaineers went up the hill.
- My father will come from Mumbai tomorrow.
- It has been raining since Wednesday last.
When a single preposition is not sufficient to express the sense, two simple prepositions are united together to express the sense fully; as—into, from among, from within, from behind, over against, out of, etc.
- The man ran into the house.
- One man will be selected from among them.
- The seed has sprouted from under the ground.
- He came from within the house.
- A lump of live coal was taken from off the oven.
- He came from within the house.
Compound prepositions are generally formed by prefixing a preposition (usually a = on or be = by) to a noun, an adjective or an adverb; as-across (= on + cross), amidst (= on + middle), behind ( = by + hind), about (= on + by + out), above (= on + by + up), before (= by + fore) beneath (= by + neath), between (=by + twain), beyond (= by + yonder), but (= by + out, except), within, without, below, etc.
- He is walking across the road.
- The road is along the river.
- The policeman is running behind him.
- He knows nothing about the matter.
- There is nobody within the house.
- There can be no success without hard work.
- The men are standing beneath the tree.
- There was a long discussion between the two of them.
- A mountain is visible beyond the river.
- He walked behind the carriage.
- The mail train is running behind time.
- One has to understand the cunning behind his smile.
- The dead man has left behind a big debt.
- He hid behind the tree
- Do you know who is behind this conspiracy?
- Please close the door behind you when leaving
- The whole country was behind the elected leader.
- Besides you, there were five other passengers there.
- Besides football, he plays tennis also.
- Besides their ave one ho other qualifications of the candidates.
- West Bengal is situated between Bihar and Bangladesh.
- Hitler came to power in the period between the First and the Second World Wars.
- The accident occurred between 10 p.m and midnight.
- The speaker stood between a table in front and the wall behind him.
- The village is situated beyond the river.
- The beauty of the scene is beyond human imagination.
- To understand this poem is beyond your intelligence.
- Nobody knows what lies beyond death.
Some present or past participles such as considering, concerning, regarding, pending, notwithstanding, etc. are used as prepositions; as
- Considering your age, I pardon you.
- Concerning yesterday’s fire, I know nothing.
- Do you know anything regarding his landed property?
- Notwithstanding his father’s anger, the boy did this.
- Pending further orders, Mr Chand will act as the principal.
- Regarding this case, I can do nothing.
- The river flows past the room.
- Barring (excepting, apart from that): Barring accidents, the train will arrive on time.
- Concerning (about): Concerning his success, people are saying different kinds of things.
- Considering (taking into account): Considering the quality of the saree, its price is not too high.
- During: Hitler tortured the Jews greatly, during the Second World War.
- Notwithstanding (in spite of ): Notwithstanding his denial, the police arrested him for the crime.
- Pending (a period till ): Pending any fresh instruction, he will be in charge of the school.
- Regarding (about): Regarding your application, we regret to say that the post has been filled.
- Respecting (in respect of): Respecting your plan we have to say that it would be extremely expensive to implement it.
- Past: The railway line runs past the village.
Phrase Prepositions or Prepositional Phrases
“Two or more words habitually thrown together and ending with a simple preposition may be called Phrase prepositions or Prepositional phrases”; as-by means of, because of, in front of, in spite of, on account of, with regard to, on behalf of, instead of, in the place of, etc.
- He was absent because of his illness.
- The accident occurred in front of the house.
- He succeeded by means of hard work.
- He made his allegation in opposition to the proposal.
- He could not pay his debts on account of the shortage of funds.
- He has selected mechanics instead of mathematics.
- This was said with reference to his election.
- You will get books in lieu of the medal.
- A new teacher has been appointed in the place of Rambabu.
- He has gone to Darjeeling with a view to writing a new book.
- This meeting will not be held in the event of his not coming.
- On the Brink of -The country is on the brink of disaster.
- On the eve of -The whole family assembled on the eve of her marriage.
- On the face of – On the face of it, the country seems prosperous.
- On the ground of – His application was rejected on the ground of his being below age.
- On the pretense of – On the pretense of being a student, he acted as a spy in the USA.
When the prepositions on and of are changed, into a and o respectively they are called Disguised prepositions; as
This fair is held once a year (a = on). It’s ten o’clock now (o = of). We planned to go a-hunting (on hunting) in the forest. The morning begins at 7 o’clock (of clock). Lemons sell two pieces (for) a rupee. We went there (on) yesterday.
- Rice is selling for one kilo (on) a rupee.
- He goes home once a (in) month.
- It is four o’clock (of) now.
- The house is (on) a building.
- They led their team afield (on).
- He gave the labourers ten-rupee apiece (on).
- He wrote the essay afresh (on).
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