A preposition is a word placed before a noun or noun equivalent to show its relationship to another word in the sentence.
In this post, you will learn 6 Types of Prepositions with Examples.
Types of Prepositions
There are 6 types of Prepositions
- Simple Prepositions
- Double Prepositions
- Compound Prepositions
- Participle Prepositions
- Phrase Prepositions
- Disguised Prepositions
6 Types of Prepositions With Examples
Simple Prepositions are at, after, by, for, from, in, of, on, out, over, through, till, up, under, with, off, till, over, etc.
- I put my keys on the table.
- The plane flew over the mountains.
- I will cook dinner with my mom tonight.
- Please turn off the lights when you leave the room.
- He will arrive at 10 a.m.
- Trains pass through the tunnel.
- The river flows under the bridge.
When a single preposition is not sufficient to express the sense, two simple prepositions are combined to express the sense completely.
Some Double Prepositions are into, from among, from within, from behind, over against, out of, etc.
- He was chosen from among a group of talented musicians.
- The cat emerged from within the bushes.
- The thief sneaked away from behind the parked car.
- The car was parked over against the wall.
- The bird flew out of the tree and into the sky.
Compound prepositions are formed by combining two or more words to form a new proposition. Compound prepositions are usually formed by prefixing a preposition with a noun, an adjective, or an adverb.
Some examples of Compound prepositions are as follows:
- across (= on + cross),
- amidst (= on + middle),
- behind ( = by + hind),
- about (= on + by + out),
- above (= on + by + up),
- before (= by + fore)
- beneath (= by + neath),
- between (=by + twain),
- beyond (= by + yonder),
- but (= by + out, except)
The bridge spans across the river.
The cat ran across the room chasing a toy.
The bike path runs along the river.
We took a walk along the beach at sunset.
The car stopped behind the truck at the red light.
The child hid behind the door during hide and seek.
We had a long discussion about the project at the meeting.
He talked to his friend about his problems.
The keys are within the drawer in the kitchen.
The package was delivered within two days.
We cannot succeed without hard work.
The cake is delicious even without frosting.
The treasure was buried beneath the sand.
The roots of the tree go deep beneath the ground.
The store is located between the bank and the post office.
The book fell between the couch cushions.
The view from the mountaintop is beyond stunning.
His talent in mathematics is beyond impressive.
Besides his work, he enjoys playing tennis.
Besides English, she also speaks Spanish fluently.
Some present or past participles such as considering, concerning, regarding, pending, notwithstanding, etc. are used as prepositions. These words are known as Participle Prepositions.
- Notwithstanding her boss’s criticism, the employee submitted her report.
- Regarding this matter, I cannot provide any additional information.
- The stream flows past the meadow.
- Barring any unforeseen circumstances, the plane will take off on time.
- Concerning her artwork, critics have mixed opinions.
- Considering the features of the car, its price is reasonable.
- Napoleon conquered many countries during the French Revolution.
When a phrase begins and ends with a Preposition (of, at. by. with, from, over etc.) it is called a Prepositional Phrase.
Some common Phrase Prepositions are – On the eve of, In consequence of, In the place of, In company with, At enmity with, In keeping with, In prospect of, Because of, By force of, In pursuit of, With an eye to, By the side of, By means of, etc.
- He left the room in the middle of the discussion.
- In comparison with her previous job, her new position had better benefits.
- He always worked in the interest of the entire family.
- In order to succeed you have to work hard.
When the prepositions ‘on‘ and ‘of‘ are changed, into ‘a‘ and ‘o‘ respectively they are called Disguised prepositions; as
This fair is held once a year” – “A” is used here as a shortened form of “on,” indicating that the fair is held on a yearly basis.
“It’s ten o’clock now” – “O” is used here as a shortened form of “of,” indicating that the time is ten hours of the clock.
- He goes home once a (in) month.
- It is four o’clock (of) now.
- She goes to the dentist once a (in) year.
- The concert starts at eight o’clock (of) tonight.
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