Preposition Definition and Examples

In the sentence “The girl placed her hand on the desk,” the word on shows the relation between the hand and the desk. If the word on is omitted, there is no sense.

The hand may be on the table, under the table, or above the table. Until some preposition is inserted the relation between the hand and the table is not known. The word on is, therefore, a preposition.

Preposition Definition and Examples

Preposition Definition and Examples


A preposition is a word placed before a noun or noun equivalent to show its relation to another word in the sentence. Following are some important examples of Prepositions.

  1. Look at the picture on the wall.
  2. Leave the glasses on the table.
  3. They sat on the grass.
  4. We stood on one foot.
  5. He had a blister on his foot.
  6. He wore a ring on his finger.
  7. There is a coat on a hook.
  8. They sat on a chair.
  9. He has no chance of winning.
  10. I need a dictionary of Hindi.
  11. He is a professor of Bengali.
  12. Please speak in English.
  13. The letter was written in biro (a kind of ball pen).
  14. The lines were printed in italics/capitals.
  15. Say it in a few words.
  16. It’s a machine for cutting hay.
  17. I draw pictures for pleasure.
  18. What did you shout at him for?
  19. We knelt before the shrine.
  20. Your name comes before mine on the list.
  21. The task before us is not an easy one.
  22. The future before me is bleak.
  23. Rice sells at Rs. 15 each kilo.
  24. I bought this book for Rs. 100.00.
  25. He drives at 70 kmph (kilometre per hour).
  26. The man was shooting at the crowd.
  27. The dog rushed at me.
  28. We ran at the thief.
  29. The Cloud is a poem by Shelley.
  30. I went to Kolkata by bus.
  31. May I pay by cheque?
  32. I shall contact you by letter/telephone.
  33. He earns his living by writing.
  34. I’m on holiday from 15 January.
  35. There’s traffic in the streets from dawn till dusk.
  36. He was blind from birth.
  37. She drew water from a well.
  38. He’s descended from a royal family.
  39. This is a passage from Macaulay.
  40. I took away the knife from him.
  41. I took the money from my purse.
  42. Have you borrowed the book from the library?
  43. The poor suffer from cold in winter.
  44. She did it from jealousy.
  45. From a teacher’s point of view, this dictionary will be handy.
  46. She stood behind me.
  47. The post office is behind our house.
  48. Hide behind the tree.
  49. The sun is hidden behind the clouds.
  50. Bring out the deeper meaning behind the passage.
  51. She is behind other students in English grammar.
  52. My family is behind me in my decision to read medicine.
  53. He was brought before the police officer.

Simple Preposition Definition and Examples


Simples prepositions are at, after, by, for, from, in, of, on, out, over, through, till, up, under, with, off, till, over, etc.

  • The boys threw stones at the frogs in the pond.
  • He goes for a walk morning.
  • There are dirty marks on the floor.
  • He died from overwork.

Double preposition Definition and Examples


When a single preposition is not sufficient to express the sense, two simple prepositions are united together to express the feeling fully; as—into, from among, from within, from behind, over against, out of, etc.

  • The man ran into the house.
  • One man will be selected from among them.
  • The seed has sprouted from under the ground.
  • He came from within the house.

Compound Preposition Definition and Examples


Compound prepositions are generally formed by prefixing a preposition (usually a = on or be = by) to a noun, an adjective or an adverb; as-across (= on + cross), amidst (= on + middle), behind ( = by + hind), about (= on + by + out), above (= on + by + up), before (= by + fore) beneath (= by + neath), between (=by + twain), beyond (= by + yonder), but (= by + out, except), within, without, below, etc.


Participial Preposition Definition and Examples


Some present or past participles such as considering, concerning, regarding, pending, notwithstanding, etc. are used as prepositions; as

  • Considering your age, I pardon you.
  • Concerning yesterday’s fire, I know nothing.
  • Do you know anything regarding his landed property?
  • Notwithstanding his father’s anger, the boy did this.
  • Pending further orders, Mr Chand will act as the principal.

Phrase Preposition Definition and Examples


“Two or more words habitually thrown together and ending with a simple preposition may be called Phrase prepositions or Prepositional phrases”; such as – by means of, because of, in front of, in spite of, on account of, with regard to, on behalf of, instead of, in the place of, etc.


Disguised Preposition Definition and Examples


When the prepositions on and of are changed, into a and o respectively they are called Disguised prepositions; as

  • This fair is held once a year (a = on).
  • It’s ten o’clock now (o = of).

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