A preposition is a word placed before a noun or noun equivalent to show its relationship to another word in the sentence.
In this post, you will learn 6 Types of Prepositions with Examples.
Types of Prepositions with Examples
There are 6 types of Prepositions
- Simple Prepositions
- Double Prepositions
- Compound Prepositions
- Participle Prepositions
- Phrase Prepositions
- Disguised Prepositions
Simple Prepositions are at, after, by, for, from, in, of, on, out, over, through, till, up, under, with, off, till, over, etc.
- I will meet you at the park.
- I will call you after the meeting.
- The project needs to be completed by Friday.
- I bought a gift for my sister’s birthday.
- I put my keys on the table.
- The plane flew over the mountains.
- I will cook dinner with my mom tonight.
- Please turn off the lights when you leave the room.
- He will arrive at 10 a.m.
- Trains pass through the tunnel.
- The river flows under the bridge.
- The bridge is built over the river.
- He will be studying from 9 to 10 a.m.
- My father will come from Mumbai tomorrow.
- It has been raining since Wednesday last.
When a single preposition is not sufficient to express the sense, two simple prepositions are combined to express the sense completely.
Some Double Prepositions are into, from among, from within, from behind, over against, out of, etc.
- The dog ran into the house.
- One person will be selected from among them.
- I jumped into the pool and swam to the other side.
- He was chosen from among a group of talented musicians.
- The cat emerged from within the bushes.
- The thief sneaked away from behind the parked car.
- The car was parked over against the wall.
- The bird flew out of the tree and into the sky.
- The seed has sprouted from under the ground.
- He came from within the house.
- He came from within the house.
Compound prepositions are formed by combining two or more words to form a new proposition. Compound prepositions are usually formed by prefixing a preposition with a noun, an adjective, or an adverb.
Some examples of Compound prepositions are as follows:
- across (= on + cross),
- amidst (= on + middle),
- behind ( = by + hind),
- about (= on + by + out),
- above (= on + by + up),
- before (= by + fore)
- beneath (= by + neath),
- between (=by + twain),
- beyond (= by + yonder),
- but (= by + out, except)
The bridge spans across the river.
The cat ran across the room chasing a toy.
The students walked across the campus to get to class.
The bike path runs along the river.
We took a walk along the beach at sunset.
The fence along the property line needs to be repaired.
The car stopped behind the truck at the red light.
The child hid behind the door during hide and seek.
The company fell behind on their production schedule.
We had a long discussion about the project at the meeting.
The book is about the history of the United States.
He talked to his friend about his problems.
The keys are within the drawer in the kitchen.
The package was delivered within two days.
She found peace within herself after the meditation.
We cannot succeed without hard work.
The cake is delicious even without frosting.
He left without saying goodbye.
The treasure was buried beneath the sand.
The roots of the tree go deep beneath the ground.
The submarine can travel beneath the surface of the ocean.
The store is located between the bank and the post office.
The book fell between the couch cushions.
The negotiations between the two countries were successful.
The view from the mountaintop is beyond stunning.
His talent in mathematics is beyond impressive.
The meaning of life is beyond human understanding.
Besides his work, he enjoys playing tennis.
Besides English, she also speaks Spanish fluently.
Besides the weather, everything is perfect for a picnic.
Some present or past participles such as considering, concerning, regarding, pending, notwithstanding, etc. are used as prepositions. These words are known as Participle Prepositions.
- Considering your experience, I hire you for the job.
- Concerning the recent burglary, the police have made no arrests.
- Do you know anything regarding his business venture?
- Notwithstanding her boss’s criticism, the employee submitted her report.
- Pending the results of the investigation, Ms Lee will continue as the interim CEO.
- Regarding this matter, I cannot provide any additional information.
- The stream flows past the meadow.
- Barring any unforeseen circumstances, the plane will take off on time.
- Concerning her artwork, critics have mixed opinions.
- Considering the features of the car, its price is reasonable.
- Napoleon conquered many countries during the French Revolution.
- Notwithstanding her objections, the company decided to proceed with the merger.
- Pending further investigation, she will remain in police custody.
- Regarding your resume, we have filled the position with a more qualified candidate.
- Respecting your proposal, we have to say that it lacks feasibility.
- The river flows past the town.
Phrase Prepositions or Prepositional Phrases
When a phrase begins and ends with a Preposition (of, at. by. with, from, over etc.) it is called a Prepositional Phrase.
Some common Phrase Prepositions are – On the eve of, In consequence of, In the place of, In company with, At enmity with, In keeping with, In prospect of, Because of, By force of, In pursuit of, With an eye to, By the side of, By means of, etc.
- He left the room in the middle of the discussion.
- In comparison with her previous job, her new position had better benefits.
- In connection with the investigation, the police questioned several witnesses.
- He always worked in the interest of the entire family.
- In order to succeed you have to work hard.
- Pamela shouted at the top of his voice.
- There was a lovely pond in front of the house.
- In consequence of the storm, many trees were uprooted and power lines were down.
- In consideration of his years of service, he was given a generous retirement package.
- In the course of the meeting, several issues were discussed.
When the prepositions ‘on‘ and ‘of‘ are changed, into ‘a‘ and ‘o‘ respectively they are called Disguised prepositions; as
This fair is held once a year” – “A” is used here as a shortened form of “on,” indicating that the fair is held on a yearly basis.
“It’s ten o’clock now” – “O” is used here as a shortened form of “of,” indicating that the time is ten hours of the clock.
- He goes home once a (in) month.
- It is four o’clock (of) now.
- She goes to the dentist once a (in) year.
- The concert starts at eight o’clock (of) tonight.
- The store is (on) a street corner.
- They took their horses afield (on).
- He painted the wall anew (on).
- Rice is selling for one kilo (on) a rupee.
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