A preposition is a word that is placed before a noun or noun equivalent to show its relation to some other word in the sentence.
In this post, we have added a List of Prepositions with Examples.
List of Prepositions with Examples
The preposition ‘About’
- on the subject of: It is a book about birds.
- at a time near to: We set out about six.
- in/round: We walked about the town.
- carried with: I have no money about.
- relating to: I’m glad about her success. I know nothing about his business.
- higher than (something)/on the top of: Birds were flying above the tree.
- more than: I saw above twenty beggars in the street. A soldier values honour above his life. Applicants must be above the age of twenty.
- higher in rank, position, etc.: She married above her.
- beyond the reach of: He is above suspicion. This passage is above my understanding.
The preposition ‘After’
- later than: She will come back after a week.
- in view of/in spite of: After what you did, what do all expect? After all my efforts, I still failed.
- in pursuit or quest of: They ran after the thief.
- about/concerning: I asked after her.
- in imitation of: This is a painting after Rubens. He works after Gandhiji.
- indicating much repetition: He fired shot after shot. We worked day after day/week after week.
- next to in order: Your name comes after mine in the list.
- in opposition to: We should fight against malaria. We are against the proposal. They rowed against the current
- in contact with: She leaned against the wall. Place the ladder against the tree.
- in anticipation of: We should save money against the rainy day. You should take precautions against fire.
- to the disadvantage of: My age is against me.
- opposite (something): Tick off the boxes against the true statements.
- expressing the position of person/thing: We waited at the corner of the street. She is at school. They live at Mahimpur. I saw the pictures at my uncle’s house.
- expressing a point in time: I reached home at noon/ at 12 am
- expressing engagement in an activity: He is at war/work.
- expressing a price/rate/speed: Rice sells at Rs. 15 each kilo. I bought this book for Rs. 100.00. He drives at 70 kmph (kilometre per hour).
- expressing age: Mr. Sinha retired at 60. She got married at 25.
- expressing direction (towards): The man was shooting at the crowd. The dog rushed at me. We ran at the thief. The boys threw stones at the frogs in the pond.
- in response to: He did the work at his master’s command.
- used with a superlative: The garden’s at its most beautiful in August. Shakespeare’s at his best in his tragedies.
- earlier than (somebody/something): I will come back home before noon They will come to our house before Christmas.
- in front of/ahead: He stood before her in the queue. We knelt before the shrine. Your name comes before mine on the list. The task before us is not an easy one. The future before me is bleak.
- in the presence of: He was brought before the police officer. “He said it before witnesses.”
- rather than/in preference to: I would prefer death before dishonour.
- in the rear of: She stood behind me. The post office is behind our house. Hide behind the tree.
- hidden or implied by: The sun is hidden behind the clouds. Bring out the deeper meaning behind the passage.
- inferior to/weaker than: She is behind other students in English grammar.
- indicating lateness in time: The train is behind its time (schedule).
- in favour of/supportive of: My family is behind me in my decision to read medicine.
The preposition ‘By’
- near/beside: She sat by me. There is a Post Office by my house.
- during: She sleeps by day and works by night.
- not later than before: Can you finish the work by tomorrow? I will go home by next week.
- through the agency or means of: The Cloud is a poem by Shelley. I went to Kolkata by bus. May I pay by cheque? I shall contact you by letter/telephone. He earns his living by writing.
- according to: One shouldn’t judge a thing by appearances.
- (with the) using something as a standard: He sold eggs by the dozen. (clothes by the metre)
- to the extent: The bullet missed him by two inches. The carpet is short by two feet.
- with regard to: He is German by birth. He is a teacher by profession. He is Salil by name.
- because of/as a result of/through: I met her by chance. You can achieve what you want by determination.
- indicating part of the body touched: She was seized by the hair.
The preposition ‘For’
- in the interest or to the benefit of: He did it all for his country. These mangoes are for you. Make a cup of tea for me.
- indicating purpose or function: He goes for a walk morning. It’s a machine for cutting hay. I draw pictures for pleasure. What did you shout at him for?
- indicating destination, aim, or reason: He set out for Kolkata. It’s a train for Howrah. It is a book for children. He was destined for a great future. These bicycles are for sale/hire.
- instead of: Substitute a noun for a verb. Will you exchange your car for a new one?
- as the price, reward, or penalty of something: I bought a book for Rs. 200.00. He got a medal for his bravery. You can go to prison for dangerous driving
- indicating preparations: He prepares for the Madhyamik examination.
- as a representative of somebody/something: I’m speaking for all the workers in this firm.
- in defence or support of (somebody/something): Are you for or against the new tax proposals? I am all for the free mixing of boys and girls.
- (after a verb) in order to obtain (something): They searched for treasure. We asked the policeman for directions. We hope for a settlement. Send for a doctor.
- With regard to (somebody/something)/concerning (some-body/something): We’re anxious for his safety.
- because of: This place is famous for its Kali temple. I couldn’t go to school for illness. “I couldn’t speak for laughing.”
- indicating a length of time: He stayed in Kolkata for a week.
- indicating liking/affection: She has no love for her children. She has a taste for music.
- indicating fitness: He is not fit for this work.
- indicating distance: We travelled for ten kilometres. The road went on for miles and miles.
- in spite of: For all his efforts he failed in life.
- indicating the place or direction from which somebody/something starts: He goes from Naihati to Dum Dum daily. A strong wind blows from the north.
- indicating the time at which something starts: I’m on holiday from 15 January. There’s traffic in the streets from dawn till dusk. He was blind from birth.
- indicating who sent, gave something: I’ve received a letter from my sister. I had a phone call from Mira.
- indicating the source from which something is taken: She drew water from a well. He’s descended from a royal family. This is a passage from Macaulay.
- indicating the material from which something is made: Wine is made from grapes. Steel is made from iron.
- showing the model: The picture is painted from life.
- indicating separation, removal, etc: I took away the knife from him. I took the money from my purse. Have you borrowed the book from the library?
- showing cause/reason/motive: The poor suffer from cold in winter. She did it from jealousy. He died from overwork.
- showing a distinction between two things: His opinion differs from mine.
- indicating a standpoint: From a teacher’s point of view, this dictionary will be very useful.
The preposition ‘In’
- indicating place/position: She lives in Delhi. There’s not a cloud in the sky. The children are playing in the street. She is sitting in a chair.
- indicating movement into something: I dipped my pen in the ink.
- during (a period of time): He was born in 1990. Nature wears a happy look in autumn.
- after (a certain time): He will be leaving for Kolkata in an hour. (99 25)
- within (a certain time): He finished the work in two hours (2013)
- indicating inclusion: There are seven days in a week.
- wearing: She is dressed/clothed in rags.
- indicating circumstances/surroundings: He went out in the sun/cold.
- indicating the state/condition of somebody or something: He is in poor health. He is in a hurry/a and rage. She lives in poverty.
- indicating form/arrangement: It’s a novel in two parts. The boys sat in rows.
- indicating the medium, means, material, etc.: Please speak in English. The letter was written in biro (a kind of ball pen). The lines were printed in italics/capitals. Say it in a few words.
- regarding something: He’s behind the others in English but a long way ahead in Mathematics. He lacks courage. India is rich in minerals.
- indicating somebody’s occupation, activity, etc.: He is in the army/in business. He’s been in politics all his life.
The preposition ‘Of’
- indicating origin/authorship: She is a woman of humble descent. We’re the inhabitants of the area. These are the paintings of Picasso.
- concerning/depicting: I love to read stories of adventure. What do you think of this boy?
- about (somebody/something): I’ve never heard of such places. “He told us of his travels.”
- indicating the material used to make something: She wears a dress of silk. We live in a house of brick. I got a ring of gold.
- indicating what is measured, counted, or contained: I bought two kilos of potatoes. She needs a sheet of paper. He has sent me two baskets of mangoes.
- showing the relationship between the part and the whole of something: He is a member of our club. He worked for six months of the year.
- indicating a cause: She died of cholera.
- indicating a quality: He is a man of strong will. He is a man of great natural ability.
- indicating deprivation: I was robbed of my money.
- showing possession: She lives in the house of his aunt.
- Showing point of reference: This man is blind of one eye.
- In relation to concerning something: Do you know the time of his departure? What was the topic of conversation? He has no chance of winning. I need a dictionary of Hindi. He is a professor of Bengali.
- showing distance in time/space: I live in a village 40 kilometres west of Malda station. Within a year of their divorce, she remarried.
- (In or into a position) covering, touching: Look at the picture on the wall. There are dirty marks on the floor. Leave the glasses on the table. They sat on the grass.
- Supported by or attached to (somebody/something): We stood on one foot. He had a blister on his foot. He wore a ring on his finger. There is a coat on a hook. They sat on a chair.
- In/into (a large public vehicle): He got on a running bus. We travelled on the bus/train/tube
- Indicating time (in US English on is omitted): He came on January 12/ on the morning of May 12. We went for a picnic on a sunny day in December. The school remains closed on New Year’s Day.
- Immediately after (the time of): On my arrival home/on arriving home I discovered the burglary. On the death of his parents, he became helpless.
- About/concerning: He will speak on Rabindranath today. This is a lesson on philosophy.
- Indicating membership of a group/an organization: He is on the managing committee of this school/panel of lectures/staff of this college.
- Indicating direction towards: On the right, you can see the temple. He drew a knife on the stranger.
- (Also upon) near close to: My house is on the main road. He lives in a village on the border. There are hedges on either side of the road.
- (Also upon) indicating a basis/ground/reason for something: This story is based on fact. On your advice, I saw him. He has been arrested on a charge of murder.
- Supported financially by (somebody/something): I live on a pension/ my savings. He feeds his family on Rs. 800.00 a week. He lives on his wife’s salary.
- By means of (something); using: He plays a song on his violin. I spoke to her on the telephone.
- Indicating food: Cows live on grass. He lives on his wife’s salary.
- Indicating condition: The man was appointed on these terms.
- At the expense of: The joke is on him. The drinks are on me.
- in the direction of (something/towards): She’s going to school. The boy the ground. They are on the way to the station. Hold it to the light. Turn round. Turn to the right. The injured were taken to hospital for fell to the ground to the ground. Turn treatment.
- indicating a location in a specified direction: Kolkata is to the south of Berhampore. There is a market to the north/south/east/west of here. The stable is to the right side of this house.
- reaching the state of something: She was brought to tears. He rose to power.
- indicating limit/as far as (something): His shirt reached down to his knees The football field extends to the riverbank. He works from morning to night. He was faithful to the end/last. How long is it to lunch? We will fight to the last man.
- belonging to (somebody/something)/for: Give me the key to the door. He’s secretary to the managing director.
- indicating a comparison or ratio: I prefer riding to walking. We won by three goals to two. “Compared to me, he’s rich.”
- in honor of (somebody/something): We drank to Mr. and Mrs. Roy’s health. It is a monument to the memory of the soldiers who died in the war.
- concerning (something): He has a right to paternal property. Search out a solution to the problem.
- causing (something): To my surprise /delight/annoyance, etc. the Female Forum won the election. To my shame, I forget her birthday.
- satisfying somebody/something: This furniture is quite nice, but not to her taste.
- expressing purpose or result in an adverb clause: They came (in order) to see my sister. We make our goods to last (i.e. so that they will last).
- with an adjectival function: Ram was the first to reach (who arrived first) the place.
- in the direction of: We walked towards the village.
- in relation to (somebody/something): The local people are always very friendly towards tourists. She behaves very affectionately towards her children. His attitude towards death is philosophical.
- as a contribution to/for: The money will go towards (the cost of) building a new hospital. He has saved money towards his daughter’s marriage.
- near (a point of time): He set out from home towards dawn.
- expressing instrument/means used: He cut the cords with a knife. You can see it with a microscope. I can only move it with your help. It was to translate with a dictionary.
- in the company or presence of (somebody/something): He lives with his parents. We went on holiday with two friends.
- in the care, charge, or possession of: I leave the baby with my maidservant. I left a message for you with the secretary. I have no money with me.
- having or carrying something: Do you know the girl with curly hair. I require a man with a knowledge of international trade. Have you ever been to a hotel with a swimming pool?
- indicating the material or item used: Fill the bowl with water. The lorry was loaded with timber.
- indicating agreement or support: I agree with you. She’s going along with management on this issue.
- indicating opposition against: He fights/argues/quarrels with everybody.
- because of: She blushed with shame. He trembled with fear.
- indicating the manner, circumstances, or condition: I did it with pleasure. She acted with discretion. He sleeps with the light on. Don’t stand with your hands in your pockets
- in regard to/concerning: I am angry with my servant. Are you pleased with the result? What can he want with me?
- indicating separation from something/somebody: I will never part with this ring.
- in spite of/despite: With all her faults he still likes her.
- indicating the point of reference: He is not popular with his pupils.
- inside: I found him within the room.
- not further off than/not exceeding: There is not a house within a mile of the station. I will finish the work within five hours.
- not beyond: Live within your means.
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