Auxiliary Verbs in English are the verbs that merely help principal verbs in the formation of various verb forms.
Auxiliary verbs in English are important as structural verbs.
Rules Applicable to all Auxiliary Verbs in English
- The negative is formed by putting not after auxiliary. Examples: I can not, They do not, I must not.
- The interrogative is formed by inverting the subject and verb. Examples: Can he? May we? Maust I?
Types of Auxiliary Verbs in English
Auxiliary Verbs in English are of two types:
|PRIMARY AUXILIARIES||Be Verb: is, am, are, was, were, been, being|
Have Verb: have, has, had, having
Do Verb: do, does, did
|MODAL AUXILIARIES||can, could, shall, should, will, would, may, might, must, dare, need, used to, ought to|
Primary Auxiliary Verbs in English
The Primary Auxiliary verbs in English are, do, have, be.
TYPE 1: To make a Passive Voice
- It will be done in a short time. (Passive Voice)
- The work is being done. (Passive Voice)
- The sum has been worked out. (Passive Voice)
TYPE 2: To make Present Progressive
- The girl is dancing. (Present Progressive)
- I am doing the sum. (Present Progressive)
- They are playing football. (Present Progressive)
TYPE 3: To make Past Progressive
- He was sleeping at night. (Past Progressive)
- The boys were reading in the class. (Past Progressive)
TYPE 1: To make a Passive Voice
The work had been done. (Passive Voice)
TYPE 2: To make Present Perfect
I have done the work. (Present Perfect)
He has gone, to school. (Present Perfect)
TYPE 3: To make Past Perfect
They had collected a picture. (Past Perfect)
TYPE 4: To form Nominative Absolute
The sun having risen, the darkness disappeared. (Nominative Absolute)
TYPE 1: To make an Interrogative sentence
- Do you study in class X?
- Does he take tea?
- Did she write a letter?
TYPE 2: To make a Negative sentence
- I do not like him.
- He does not go to school.
- They did not play football yesterday.
Shortened forms of ‘do’ auxiliaries :
|do not||don’t||I don’t do this work.|
|does not||doesn’t||He doesn’t do this work.|
|did not||didn’t||He didn’t do that work.|
TYPE 3: To give stress on a statement
- I do hereby authorize you.
- He did help you, and you should not deny that.
Modal Auxiliary Verbs in English
Modal Auxiliary Verbs in English are can, may, shall, will, must, ought to, used to, need, and dare. They do not have-s’ forms or -ed participles. Can, may, shall, will, have special past forms (could, might, should, would), but the remainder (such as must) do not.
|Will you go to school?|
It will rain today.
You will not keep late hours at night before the exam.
|Would||requesting||Would you give me a pen?|
|Shall I do the work?|
I hope I shall complete the project within a week.
|You should walk a mile in the morning.|
Should we go for a walk?
|The boy can speak English fluently.|
We can hold a condolence meeting for his death this Sunday.
|He could do the sum.|
Could you help me to solve the problem?
|He may come here today.|
May I come in?
May I get you a cup of tea?
|His statement might be true.|
You might just as well go.
|You must obey your teacher.|
Man must die one day.
You must be tired after a long journey.
We must not waste our time.
|Dare||have the courage|
|He dare not say so. (not dares’)|
I dare you to prove that you’ve said so.
He dare not follow you.
Who dares to enter the room?
|You need not (needn’t) come here.|
Need he go there?
|Used to||habitual action in the past||My father used to teach me English.|
|You ought to work hard.|
The lawyer ought to be able to help you.
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