Subordinators are used to connect clauses which are not of equal rank. Subordinators can appear either at the beginning or in the middle of a sentence.
Following are some of the most common subordinators.
- Apposition – that, why, how
- Reason – as, because
- Purpose – that, so that, in order that
- Effect – that
- Condition – if, provided
- Contrast – though, although
- Comparison – as, as much as, no less than
- Manner – as, so far as
- Time – before, after, when
- Place – where, wherever
Sample Sentences Using Subordinators
Subordinators Type #1
Apposition (that, why, how)
- We know that he is honest.
- Tom told us that the train had left the station.
- He’s so confident that he can accomplish anything he sets his mind to.
- I wonder why she hasn’t responded to my email yet.
- He explained why he was late for the appointment.
- She told me how she managed to finish the project on time.
- I’m impressed by how quickly she learned to play the guitar.
- Tori made a promise that she would return soon.
Subordinators Type #2
Reason (as, because)
- Rokul deserves the reward because she has worked hard.
- He cannot go out because he is ill.
- I didn’t go to the party because I was feeling tired.
- Since he started working out regularly, he’s lost a lot of weight.
- We’re going to the beach as it’s a beautiful day outside.
- Since the store was closed, we had to find a different place to buy groceries.
- We can’t go to the concert as we don’t have tickets.
- Because it’s raining, we’re staying inside today.
- As we have a lot of work to do, we need to start early.
- Since she’s allergic to nuts, she can’t eat peanut butter.
- As she was ill, she could not come to school.
- As I am ill, I cannot go.
- Since I am ill, I cannot go there.
Subordinators Type #3
Purpose (that, so that, in order that)
- We work so that we may earn a living.
- He turned up the volume so that he could hear the music better.
- She saved up her money so that she could buy a new car.
- We need to finish this project today so that we can meet the deadline.
- The teacher gave us extra homework so that we could practice more.
- In order that the food doesn’t spoil, we need to put it in the refrigerator.
- I’m taking this course so that I can improve my writing skills.
- We turned off the lights so that we could see the stars in the sky.
- She started her own business so that she could be her own boss.
- The doctor prescribed medication so that the patient could feel better.
- In order that the baby could sleep, we rocked her gently.
Subordinators Type #4
- Tom talked so much that his voice became hoarse.
- The car was so old that it broke down on the way to the destination.
- The storm was so strong that it knocked down several trees.
- The athlete trained so hard that he broke the world record.
- The medicine was so effective that the patient felt better within hours.
- The noise was so loud that it woke up the entire neighbourhood.
- The food was so spicy that it made her eyes water.
- The party was so much fun that she didn’t want it to end.
Subordinators Type #5
Condition (if, unless)
- If it rains, we will stay indoors.
- Unless you apologize, I won’t forgive you.
- He won’t be able to attend the meeting if he doesn’t finish his work on time.
- If we hurry, we can catch the last train.
- Unless you start exercising, your health will suffer.
- If he doesn’t wear a helmet, he could get seriously injured in a bike accident.
- Unless we leave now, we’ll miss the beginning of the movie.
- He will die if he takes poison.
- You will fail unless you work hard.
Subordinators Type #6
Contrast (though, although)
- Although she was ill, she did his duties.
- Although he was tired, he decided to finish the work.
- Though he was warned, he took the risk.
- However, he is very talented, he lacks confidence in his abilities.
- Although the restaurant was expensive, the food was not up to the mark.
- Though he was young, he had a lot of responsibility.
Subordinators Type #7
Comparison (as, as much as, no less than)
- This mango is not as sweet as honey.
- She is as generous as she is kind.
- He knows as much about history as he does about science.
- She sings as beautifully as a songbird.
- He loves action no less than fiction.
- He is taller than my sister.
- He eats chocolate as often as he drinks coffee.
- She loves her job as much as she loves her family.
- He is no less than a genius when it comes to math.
- She dances as gracefully as a ballerina.
- The earth is larger than the moon.
Subordinators Type #8
Degree of Manner (as, so far as)
- Men will reap, as they sow.
- It happened precisely as I told you.
- This is not right, so far as I can find out.
- This is not true, so far as I can see.
Subordinators Type #9
Time (before, after, when)
- The patient had died before the doctor came.
- He came after I had left the place.
- He returned home after he had done office work.
- Alisha came when I was getting ready to go out.
- As soon as I wake up, I brush my teeth.
- As long as the weather is nice, I enjoy taking walks outside.
- Before we start the meeting, let’s take a few minutes to review the agenda.
- Before I go to bed, I always read for at least 30 minutes.
- After I finish this task, I will take a break.
- Ramili came here while it was raining.
- Make haste while the sun shines.
- No one can harm us as long as we are united.
- Stay as long as you like.
Subordinators Type #10
Place (where, wherever)
- I’ll go wherever he goes.
- You can stay wherever you like.
- She’ll find her way wherever she is.
- You can sit wherever you want in the theatre.
- He’ll be happy living wherever he ends up.
- You can park your car wherever there is a free spot.
- She’ll always find a way to help wherever she can.
- You can travel wherever your heart desires.
- He’ll follow the music wherever it takes him.
- You can live wherever suits your lifestyle.