A Verb is a doing word. In modern English grammar, Verbs are divided into two broad categories. They are State Verbs and Event Verbs.
A verb may tell us: What a person or thing is (Mr Adam is a doctor), What a person or thing has ( Lisa has a pet dog), and What a person or thing does (Ronaldo kicks the football).
State Verbs and Event Verbs
- State of Perceiving – see, hear, feel, smell, etc.
- State of Mind and Emotional State – love, forget, like, hate, wish, etc.
- State of Being – be, remain
- State of Relationship – have, own, owe
- Single Event – buy, sell, etc.
- Repeated Event – wash, walk, etc.
Sentences With State Verbs
State of Perceiving
|see||You are a fool, I see.|
|hear||I hear a buzzing sound.|
|feel||Monalisa feels annoyed at your behaviour.|
|smell||The perfume smells sweet.|
|taste||Honey tastes sweet.|
State of Mind and Emotional State
|love||Everybody loves his parents.|
|hate||One should not hate the poor.|
|like||Monisha likes to wear a white saree on the day of Saraswati Puja.|
|believe||We believe that you are telling the truth.|
|forget||I forget his pet name.|
State of Being
|be||She is a very brave girl.|
We are Americans.
|remain||I remain silent in such cases.|
John remains dumb all along.
State of Relationship
|have||I have a brother and two sisters.|
|own||Do you own a motorcycle?|
|owe||You owe your own father.|
|belong to||This property belongs to me.|
|deserve||She deserves praise.|
Sentences With Event Verbs
Event Verb of a Single Event
|buy||I bought a mango from the market.|
Event Verb of Repeated Events
|buy||I buy mangoes from the market regularly.|
|wash||I wash my clothes thrice a week.|
Difference Between State Verbs and Event Verbs
State Verbs are used only in Non-Progressive forms, but Event Verbs are used in both Progressive and Non-Progressive forms.
|State Verb||He is hating the poor. – Not Possible||He hates the poor. – Possible|
|Event Verb||He is going to school. – Possible||He goes to school. – Possible|
NOTE: Sometimes State Verbs may be used in Progressive forms, but then the Verbs are changed into Event Verbs and do not remain State Verbs.
Examples of State Verbs and Event Verbs
|STATE VERB||EVENT VERB|
|He has a dog.||He was having his lunch.|
|I forgot your name.||I am forgetting names nowadays.|
|I remembered the story.||I am remembering the code numbers.|
|You look bright.||You are looking at the moon.|
|Honey tastes sweet.||He is tasting honey.|