State Verbs and Event Verbs

A Verb is a doing word. In modern English grammar, Verbs are divided into two broad categories. They are State Verbs and Event Verbs.

A verb may tell us: What a person or thing is (Mr Adam is a doctor), What a person or thing has ( Lisa has a pet dog), and What a person or thing does (Ronaldo kicks the football).

State Verbs and Event Verbs

State Verbs and Event Verbs


State Verbs

  • State of Perceiving – see, hear, feel, smell, etc.
  • State of Mind and Emotional State – love, forget, like, hate, wish, etc.
  • State of Being – be, remain
  • State of Relationship – have, own, owe

Event Verbs

  • Single Event – buy, sell, etc.
  • Repeated Event – wash, walk, etc.

Sentences With State Verbs


State of Perceiving

VERBSENTENCES
seeYou are a fool, I see.
hearI hear a buzzing sound.
feelMonalisa feels annoyed at your behaviour.
smellThe perfume smells sweet.
tasteHoney tastes sweet.

State of Mind and Emotional State

VERBSENTENCES
loveEverybody loves his parents.
hateOne should not hate the poor.
likeMonisha likes to wear a white saree on the day of Saraswati Puja.
believeWe believe that you are telling the truth.
forgetI forget his pet name.

State of Being

VERBSENTENCES
beShe is a very brave girl.
We are Americans.
remainI remain silent in such cases.
John remains dumb all along.

State of Relationship

VERBSENTENCES
haveI have a brother and two sisters.
ownDo you own a motorcycle?
oweYou owe your own father.
belong toThis property belongs to me.
deserveShe deserves praise.

Sentences With Event Verbs


Event Verb of a Single Event

VERBSENTENCES
buyI bought a mango from the market.

Event Verb of Repeated Events

VERBSENTENCES
buyI buy mangoes from the market regularly.
washI wash my clothes thrice a week.

Difference Between State Verbs and Event Verbs


State Verbs are used only in Non-Progressive forms, but Event Verbs are used in both Progressive and Non-Progressive forms.

VERBPROGRESSIVENON-PROGRESSIVE
State VerbHe is hating the poor. – Not PossibleHe hates the poor. – Possible
Event VerbHe is going to school. – PossibleHe goes to school. – Possible

NOTE: Sometimes State Verbs may be used in Progressive forms, but then the Verbs are changed into Event Verbs and do not remain State Verbs.

Examples of State Verbs and Event Verbs

STATE VERBEVENT VERB
He has a dog.He was having his lunch.
I forgot your name.I am forgetting names nowadays.
I remembered the story.I am remembering the code numbers.
You look bright.You are looking at the moon.
Honey tastes sweet.He is tasting honey.

Also, Read


Main Verbs and Helping Verbs

Main and Helping Verbs

Causative Verbs Examples

Causative Verbs

Semi Modal Verbs

Semi Modal Verbs

Transitive and Intransitive Verbs

Transitive and Intransitive Verbs

Phrases

Phrases

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