In traditional grammar, there are three ways to explain moods: the Indicative, Imperative, and Subjunctive.
However, modern grammar has made a slight change and added the Interrogative mood.
So, in simpler terms, we can classify moods into four categories:
- Imperative Moods
- Declarative or Indicative Moods
- Interrogative Moods
- Subjunctive Moods
Imperative Mood Meaning
The imperative mood is used to give commands or make requests. It is used to express a strong or direct order. This mood is equal to the Imperative sentence.
Uses of Imperative Mood
- To give orders: Step down from the bench immediately.
- To give advice: Develop a habit of exercising regularly.
- To give instructions: Stir the mixture for five minutes.
- To give directions: Proceed straight ahead and take the second right.
- To give a warning: Stop right there or face the consequences.
- To make a request: Could you please lend me your pen?
- To make an offer: Can I get you anything from the store?
- To make an invitation: Join us for dinner at our place next Friday.
- To ask for help, mercy, or an apology: Can someone please help me with this heavy box?
- To forbid or prohibit: No entry beyond this point.
Imperative Moods Using ‘Let’
- To give orders using “let”: Let everyone gather in the conference room. Let the employees know about the change in schedule.
- To give advice using “let”: Let’s try to be more patient with each other. Let him take a break and relax for a while.
- To give instructions using “let”: Let the dough rise for an hour before baking. Let the paint dry completely before applying a second coat.
- To give directions using “let”: Let’s turn right at the next intersection. Let the children lead the way to the park.
- To give a warning using “let”: Let’s not forget to lock the doors before leaving. Let’s be careful with that fragile vase.
- To make a request using “let”: Let me borrow your car for a few hours. Let’s ask John to help us with the project.
- To make an offer using “let”: Let me give you a hand with carrying those bags. Let’s treat ourselves to a nice dinner tonight.
- To make an invitation using “let”: Let’s go out for a movie this weekend. Let’s have a picnic in the park next Sunday.
- To ask for help, mercy, or an apology using “let”: Let me please have a second chance. Let’s have mercy on the poor and offer assistance.
- To forbid or prohibit using “let”: Let’s not allow smoking in the building. Let’s make sure nobody enters the restricted area.