Difference between Preposition and Conjunction

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Difference between Preposition and Conjunction

Difference between Preposition and Conjunction #Meaning

A preposition is a word that is placed before a noun or noun equivalent to show its relation to some other word in the sentence.

In the sentence “The girl placed her hand on the desk,” the word on shows the relation between the hand and the desk. If the word on is omitted, there is no sense. The hand may be on the table, or under the table, or above the table. Until some preposition is inserted the relation between the hand and the table is not known. The word on is, therefore, a preposition.

Conjunctions are words used to join sentences, phrases or clauses.

Conjunctions that join words or phrases

  • I need a pen and a pencil.
  • I need a pen or a pencil.
  • I need not a pen but a pencil.
  • I need a pen as well as a pencil of good quality.

Difference between Preposition and Conjunction #Types

There are 6 types of Prepositions

  1. Simple Prepositions
  2. Double Prepositions
  3. Compound Prepositions
  4. Participle Prepositions
  5. Phrase Prepositions
  6. Disguised Prepositions

Simple prepositions

at, after, by, for, from, in, of, on, out, over, through, till, up, under, with, off, till, over, etc.

Double prepositions

When a single preposition is not sufficient to express the sense, two simple prepositions are united together to express the sense fully; as—into, from among, from within, from behind, over against, out of, etc.

  • The man ran into the house.
  • One man will be selected from among them.
  • The seed has sprouted from under the ground.
  • He came from within the house.

Compound prepositions

Compound prepositions are generally formed by prefixing a preposition (usually a = on or be = by) to a noun, an adjective or an adverb; as-across (= on + cross), amidst (= on + middle), behind ( = by + hind), about (= on + by + out), above (= on + by + up), before (= by + fore) beneath (= by + neath), between (=by + twain), beyond (= by + yonder), but (= by + out, except), within, without, below, etc.

Participial prepositions

Some present or past participles such as considering, concerning, regarding, pending, notwithstanding, etc. are used as prepositions; as

  • Considering your age, I pardon you.
  • Concerning yesterday’s fire, I know nothing.
  • Do you know anything regarding his landed property?
  • Notwithstanding his father’s anger, the boy did this.
  • Pending further orders, Mr. Chand will act as the principal.

Phrase prepositions

“Two or more words habitually thrown together and ending with a simple preposition may be called Phrase prepositions or Prepositional phrases”; as-by means of, because of, in front of, in spite of, on account of, with regard to, on behalf of, instead of, in the place of, etc.

Disguised prepositions

When the prepositions on and of are changed, into a and o respectively they are called Disguised prepositions; as

  • This fair is held once a year (a = on).
  • It’s ten o’clock now (o = of).

Conjunctions that join the clauses are subdivided into two main classes –

  • Co-ordinating
  • Subordinating

Co-ordinating Conjunctions

They are used to connect sentences, phrases or clauses of equal rank. Co-ordinating Conjunctions are of four types –

  • Cumulative – and, both….and, also, too, as well as, not only….but also, no less than
  • Alternative – or, either….or, neither….nor, otherwise, else
  • Adversative – but, still, yet, however, nevertheless, only, whereas,
  • Illative – so, for, therefore, then

Subordinating Conjunctions

They are used to connect clauses which are not of equal rank. One clause depends on the other for completing its meaning. Subordinating Conjunctions denote time, place, reason, effect, purpose, manner, condition, comparison, apposition and contrast.

  • Apposition – that, why, how
  • Reason – as, because
  • Purpose – that, so that, in order that
  • Effect – that
  • Condition – if, provided
  • Contrast – though, although
  • Comparison – as, as much as, no less than
  • Manner – as, so far as
  • Time – before, after, when
  • Place – where, wherever

Difference between Preposition and Conjunction #Examples

Preposition Examples

  1. Look at the picture on the wall.
  2. There are dirty marks on the floor.
  3. Leave the glasses on the table.
  4. They sat on the grass.
  5. We stood on one foot.
  6. He had a blister on his foot.
  7. He wore a ring on his finger.
  8. There is a coat on a hook.
  9. They sat on a chair.
  10. He has no chance of winning.
  11. I need a dictionary of Hindi.
  12. He is a professor of Bengali.
  13. Please speak in English.
  14. The letter was written in biro (a kind of ball pen).
  15. The lines were printed in italics/capitals.
  16. Say it in a few words.
  17. He goes for a walk morning.
  18. It’s a machine for cutting hay.
  19. I draw pictures for pleasure.
  20. What did you shout at him for?

Conjunctions Examples

  1. I can change but I can not die.
  2. I would help you, only I am too busy.
  3. The rich are making merry, whereas the poor are dying of starvation.
  4. He is rich whereas his brother is poor.
  5. Tulika is very rich, but still (yet) he is not contented.
  6. The matter was painful, still, he did not complain.
  7. He worked hard, still, he failed.
  8. Everyone opposed me, nevertheless, I did not lose heart.
  9. He was very much annoyed, however, he kept quiet.
  10. Everyone was against her; however (nevertheless), she stuck to his point.
  11. India played well, yet they lost the match.
  12. Life is full of tears yet none wishes to die.
  13. He cannot go out because he is ill.
  14. As she was ill, she could not come to school.
  15. We work so that we may earn a living.
  16. Men work that (so that) they may earn a living.
  17. Though (Although) she was ill, she did his duties.
  18. Though he is poor, he is honest.
  19. This ripe mango is as sweet as honey.
  20. This mango is not so sweet as honey.

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