Figures of speech are literary devices which are used to convey ideas that go beyond their literal meaning.
In English, there are more than 200 different types of figures of speech. ‘Personification’ is one of them.
Personification is a figure of speech where human qualities or activities are associated with animals, non-living things or abstract ideas. Writers and poets can give the reader a unique perspective by using it. Readers relate to soulless objects the same way they would relate to humans.
- The skies wept. (The skies are given the human ability to weep).
- Your arrogance betrayed you today. (Arrogance is said to have the ability to betray).
Examples of Personification
Some popular examples are
“When well-apparelled April on the heel
Of limping winter treads.”
— Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet
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“Stormy, husky, brawling,
City of the big shoulders“
— Carl Sandberg, Chicago
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“Ah, William, we‘re weary of weather,
said the sunflowers, shining with dew.”
—William Blake, Two Sunflowers Move in The Yellow Room
“O Rose thou are sick“
—William Blake, The Sick Rose