Modal Auxiliary Verbs List

Modal Auxiliary Verbs are can, may, shall, will, must, ought to, used to, need, and dare.

Can, may, shall, will, have special past forms could, might, should, and would respectively, but must do not have any past form.

Here, we present you the full Modal Auxiliary Verbs List with important examples.

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Modal Auxiliary Words
Modal Auxiliary Verbs Listcan, could, shall, should, will, would, may, might, must, dare, need, used to, ought to

Modal Auxiliary Verbs List With Examples

Shall / Will

  • I shall do my best to finish the project on time.
  • She will be there to meet you at the airport.
  • They will have a meeting tomorrow to discuss the proposal.
  • He shall not be able to attend the conference due to a family emergency.
  • Who will take this responsibility?
  • When shall we meet again?
  • When will the book be published?
  • Autumn will come after the monsoons.
  • He shall be twenty next Monday.
  • We will go on a road trip next weekend.
  • The team shall work together to achieve their goals.
  • You will get a discount if you sign up for the service now.
  • Shall I take the pen?
  • Which book shall I buy?
  • Shall we go for a walk now?
  • My parents will come to visit us next month.
  • The company shall invest in new technologies to stay competitive.
  • I will not be able to come to the party because of a prior commitment.
  • She will finish her degree next year.

May / Might

  • l may go.
  • He may succeed.
  • It may be true.
  • I may go to the gym later today.
  • She might be running late for the meeting.
  • They may need more time to finish the project.
  • He may have lost his pen.
  • It might rain tomorrow morning.
  • I might go to the office.
  • He might not be able to attend the party.
  • We may have to postpone the event due to bad weather.
  • He may not lend you money.
  • Yes, you may.
  • No, you may not.
  • The concert might be cancelled because of the pandemic.
  • You may want to consider taking a break to avoid burnout.
  • My friend might come over for dinner tonight.
  • May I take leave?
  • May I come in?
  • You may go home now.
  • May I get a cup of coffee?
  • May I help you?
  • You might use my pencil.
  • The restaurant may have a waiting list during peak hours.
  • I might take a different route to avoid traffic.
  • She may have already left for the airport.
  • May you live long.
  • May God help you.
  • May God bless you.
  • May his soul rest in peace.
  • May you be happy forever, my son.
  • He may have forgotten his phone at home.

Can / Could

  • I can walk.
  • You cannot read.
  • Lisa can write.
  • The software could be updated to fix the bugs.
  • You can use my laptop if yours is not working.
  • Birds can fly.
  • Yes, you can.
  • No, he can not.
  • Can you swim?
  • Peter can do it easily.
  • You could do the work.
  • Can you play football?
  • I tried as best I could.
  • They can speak multiple languages fluently.
  • He could fix the car himself instead of taking it to a mechanic.
  • We can hike to the summit if we start early in the morning.
  • We can not do it without Peter.
  • We can not live without water.
  • You could do this if you tried.
  • He can read English very well.
  • My grandparents could tell fascinating stories about their youth.
  • The company can provide training to improve employees’ skills.
  • I can not walk as fast as you.
  • They could not attend the conference due to a scheduling conflict.
  • He can solve complex math problems quickly.
  • He was so weak that he could not walk.
  • Could you lend me your pen?
  • Could you come to my home?
  • Could you help me with some money?
  • We could go to the beach if the weather is nice.
  • The project could be completed within a month if everyone worked together.


  • You must go.
  • You must be a liar.
  • You must do it.
  • You must not tell a lie.
  • I must finish this report before the deadline.
  • She must follow the safety guidelines while using the equipment.
  • They must attend the meeting at 2 pm.
  • We must obey the laws.
  • We must go to school every day.
  • We must do our duty.
  • He must submit the application before the closing date.
  • We must respect each other’s opinions in a discussion.
  • We must abide by the will of God.
  • You must wear a helmet while riding a bike.
  • My friend must take a break to avoid burnout.
  • The team must work together to achieve a common goal.
  • I must not forget to set the alarm before going to bed.
  • She must apologize for her mistake.
  • They must prepare a budget for the upcoming project.
  • He must take responsibility for his actions.

Should / Would

  • I should get more sleep to improve my productivity.
  • She would love to go on a vacation to a tropical island.
  • We should not sleep during the daytime.
  • We should obey our parents.
  • Peter would read ten hours a day.
  • Would you please lend me a dollar?
  • Would you please tell me the time?
  • They should consider hiring more staff to handle the workload.
  • He would rather stay home and watch a movie than go out.
  • We should be more mindful of our carbon footprint.
  • The project would be completed faster if we had more resources.
  • You should take a break to reduce stress and anxiety.
  • My parents would often take us on road trips during the summer.
  • The company should invest in employee training to improve productivity.
  • I would appreciate it if you could help me with this task.

Ought to

  • We ought to obey our parents.
  • We ought not to laugh at a deformed man.
  • I ought to start eating more vegetables to improve my health.
  • She ought to apologize for her behaviour at the meeting.
  • They ought to be more considerate of other people’s feelings.
  • He ought to get a second opinion before making a decision.
  • We ought to respect the rules and regulations of our workplace.
  • You should have (or, ought to have) come back before it’s too late.
  • You ought to wear a seatbelt while driving for your safety.
  • My friend ought to learn how to manage their finances more effectively.
  • The government ought to invest in renewable energy to reduce carbon emissions.


  • Do you dare to go bungee jumping?
  • Who dares to enter the office?
  • I dare to say that you are a liar.
  • Is she daring to climb that mountain alone?
  • Tom dare not come to me.
  • Peter dared insult me to my face.
  • How dare he argue with you?
  • She can dare any danger.


  • I don’t need to go to the store today.
  • Do you need any help with your homework?
  • John need not go there.
  • We need not do this work.
  • We aren’t needing any more volunteers for the event.
  • Peter need not come here anymore.
  • You need not have waited so long.
  • Alisha need not worry.
  • Did they need any special equipment for the camping trip?
  • I need not have bought it.
  • He wasn’t needing any more coffee at that point.
  • I need your help.

Used to

  • Peter used to play cricket when he was at school.
  • I used to live in a village when I was a boy.
  • He used to walk every morning when he was in London.
  • They used to visit their grandparents every summer.
  • Lisa used to wake us every morning.
  • I used to do physical exercise in my boyhood.
  • We used to always go to the beach on Sundays.
  • She used to be shy, but now she’s more outgoing.

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Also, Read

Main Verbs and Helping Verbs

Main and Helping Verbs

24 Auxiliary Verbs List

24 Auxiliary Verbs List

Illative Conjunctions

Illative Conjunctions

Examples of Coordinating Conjunctions

Coordinating Conjunctions

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