Sentence Patterns

A large number of students face problems while dealing with the questions set for testing Writing skills.

They should practice the following Sentence patterns to strengthen their skills in writing Reports, Paragraphs Letters, etc.

Sentence Patterns

FUNCTIONAL SENTENCE PATTERNS


FUNCTIONAL SENTENCE PATTERNS #1


ASSERTIVE SENTENCE

Most of the sentences in English are Assertive Sentences. They follow the rule of S.V.O. [Subject + Verb + Object]. However, in some sentences, where the Verb is Intransitive, there is no Object.

In such cases, either the sentence ends with an Intransitive Verb or it takes a Noun or Noun Phrase as a Complement it takes an Adjective / Adjective Phrase / Adverb / Adverbial Phrase / Preposition and other words after the Verb.

PATTERN 1: Subject + Verb-‘Be'[Intransitive] + Complement [Noun/Noun Phrase]

ExamplesSubject Verb-‘Be’ Noun/Noun Phrase
I am a student.Iama student.
Sujata is a good girl.Sujataisa good girl.
The boy will be a soldier.The boywill bea soldier.
Rabindranath was a great poet.Rabindranathwasa great poet.

PATTERN 2: Subject + Verb-“Be’ [Intransitive] + Adjective/Adjective Phrase

ExamplesSubject Verb-‘Be’ Adjective/Adjective Phrase
I am honest.Iamhonest.
Siddha was really beautiful.Siddhawasreally beautiful.
Tapas is very brave.Tapasisvery brave.

PATTERN 3: Subject + Verb-Be’ [Intransitive] + Adverb/Adverbial Phrase

ExamplesSubject Verb-‘Be’ Adverb/Adverbial Phrase
Siddha was at home.Siddhawasat home.
Tapas is here.Tapasishere.
The children were at school.The childrenwereat school.

PATTERN 4: Subject + Verb-‘Have’ [Intransitive] + Complement [Noun/Noun Phrase]

ExamplesSubject Verb-‘Have’ Noun/Noun Phrase
I have a camera.Ihavea camera.
Siddha has a pet dog.Siddhahasa pet dog.
Tapas has a blue bike.Tapashasa blue bike.
They had a vast property.Theyhada vast property.

PATTERN 5: Subject + Verb [Intransitive] – Adverb/Preposition & other words

ExamplesSubject Verb Adverb/Preposition & other words
Birds fly in the sky.Birdsflyin the sky.
The girl smiles very sweetly.The girlsmilesvery sweetly.
Netaji was born in 1897.Netajiwas bornin 1897.

PATTERN 6: Subject + Verb (Transitive] + Object

ExamplesSubject Verb Object
I know him.Iknowhim.
Tina praised me.Tinapraisedme.
Rina takes a cup of tea.Rinatakesa cup of tea.

PATTERN 7: Subject + Verb [Transitive) + Object [Indirect] + Object [Direct]

ExamplesSubjectVerbObjectObject
I gave him a book.Igavehima book.
He asked me a question.Heaskedmea question.

PATTERN 8: Subject + Verb + Object + Infinitive etc.

ExamplesSubjectVerbObject Infinitive etc.
The doctor advised him to take a rest.The doctoradvisedhimto take a rest.
The teacher warned me not to be late.The teacherwarnedmenot to be late.

FUNCTIONAL SENTENCE PATTERNS #2


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCE

Questions are of two types: ‘Yes-No’ Questions, and Wh-Questions

PATTERN 1: Verb – Be’/’Have’ + Subject + Complement [Yes-No Type]

Examples Verb – Be’/’Have’Subject Complement
Are you ill?Areyouill?
Is he poor?Ishepoor?
Have you a bike?Haveyoua bike?

PATTERN 2: Helping Verb + Subject + Main Verb + Object/Comp./Adverb/Preposition etc. [Yes-No Type with Helping verb]

ExamplesHelping VerbSubjectMain Verb Object/Comp./Adverb/Preposition etc.
Are you going to school?Areyougoingto school?
Have you passed the examination?Haveyoupassedthe examination?
Have they passed the examination?Havetheypassedthe examination
Has he passed the examination?Hashepassedthe examination?

PATTERN 3: Verb-‘Do’ + Subject + Main Verb + Object/Comp./Adverb/Preposition etc. [Yes-No Type with ‘Do’ support]

Examples Verb-‘Do’ Subject Main Verb Object/Comp./Adverb/Preposition etc.
Do you take tea?Doyoutaketea?
Does he play cricket?Doesheplaycricket?
Did you go there?Didyougothere?
Do you sleep at night?Doyousleepat night?

PATTERN 4: ‘Wh’-words + Verb—’Be’/’Have’ + Agent/Comp. [Wh-Questions]

Examples ‘Wh’-words Verb—’Be’/’Have’ Agent/Comp.
Who are you?Whoareyou?
What is it?Whatisit?
Who has a pet cat?Whohasa pet cat?

PATTERN 5: ‘Wh’-words + Helping Verb + Subject + Main Verb + Object [Wh-Questions]

Examples ‘Wh’-words Helping Verb Subject Main VerbObject
What are you doing?Whatareyoudoing?
What can you do?Whatcanyoudo?
When will Lata sing this song?WhenwillLatasingthis song?
Whom do you want?WhomdoyouWant?

PATTERN 6: ‘Wh’-words + Verb-‘Do’ + Subject + Main Verb [Wh-Questions]

Examples ‘Wh’-wordsVerb-‘Do’ Subject Main Verb
How do you do?Howdoyoudo?
Why do you come?Whydoyoucome?
What does he do?Whatdoeshedo?
Where did he go?Wheredidhego?

FUNCTIONAL SENTENCE PATTERNS #3


IMPERATIVE SENTENCE

The Subject ‘you’ is often omitted in Imperative Sentence.

PATTERN 1: Verb + Object [Direct/Indirect] + Adverb

ExamplesVerbObjectAdverb
Come here.Come————-here.
Open the door.Openthe door.
Give me a glass of water at once.Giveme a glass of waterat once.

PATTERN 2: Verb + Object + Preposition & other words

ExamplesVerbObject Prepositions & other words
Put the book on the table.Putthe bookon the table.
Boil the water for ten minutes.Boilthe waterfor ten minutes.

FUNCTIONAL SENTENCE PATTERNS #4


OPTATIVE SENTENCE

May is often placed before the subject in such sentences.

PATTERN: ‘May’ + Subject + Verb + Object/Adverbial, etc.

ExamplesMaySubjectVerb Object/Adverbial
May you live long.Mayyoulivelong.
May he prosper in lifeMayheprosperin life.
May you pass the examination.Mayyoupassthe examination.
May his soul rest in peace.Mayhis soulrestin peace.

FUNCTIONAL SENTENCE PATTERNS #5


EXCLAMATORY SENTENCE

Exclamatory words Alas! Hurrah! etc. or How/What is placed at the beginning of such sentences.

PATTERN 1: ‘Alas!’ ‘Hurrah!’ etc. + Assertive Sentence

Examples‘ALAS!’ ‘HURRAH!’ ETC.ASSERTIVE SENTENCE
Alas! We are so poor.Alas!We are so poor.
Hurrah! We are victorious.Hurrah!We are victorious.
Adieu! Adieu! My native land.Adieu! Adieu!My native land.
Bravo! We are proud of you.Bravo!We are proud of you.

PATTERN 2: ‘Alas!’ ‘Hurrah!’ etc. + Imperative Sentence

Examples‘ALAS!” “HURRAH!’ ETC.IMPERATIVE SENTENCE
Hush! Do not make a noise.Hush!Do not make a noise.

PATTERN 3: ‘How/Whať’ + Complement + Subject + Finite Verb

EXAMPLES:

How charming the scene is!
How horrible the incident is!
What a lovely sight (it is)!
What a foul atmosphere (it is)!

PATTERN 4: Double Exclamation

ExamplesFirst ExclamationSecond Exclamation with ‘What’
True Selucas! What a wonderful country!True Selucas!What a wonderful country!

FUNCTIONAL SENTENCE PATTERNS #6


NEGATIVE SENTENCE

A Negative Sentence is formed by placing no/not after Be Have Modal or Do support.

PATTERN: Subject + ‘Be’/’Have’/Modal/’Do’ + ‘no’/’noť + Main Verb + Object/Comp./Adverbial

ExamplesSubjectHelping verb/’Do’ ‘no’/’noť Main Verb Object/Comp./Adverbial
I am not a liar.Iamnot——a liar.
Man can not live without water.Mancannotlivewithout water.
I do not take any drugs.Idonottakeany drugs.

STRUCTURAL SENTENCE PATTERNS


STRUCTURAL SENTENCE PATTERNS #1


COMPLEX SENTENCE

PATTERN 1: Subject + Verb + Noun Clause [That/’Wh’]

Examples SubjectVerbNoun Clause [That/’Wh’]
I know that he is honest.Iknowthat he is honest.
I know who he is.Iknowwho he is.
You may take what you like.Youmay takewhat you like.

PATTERN 2: Subject + Verb + Object/Comp. + Relative Clause [Who/Which/That]

Examples SubjectVerbObject/Comp.Relative Clause [Who/Which/That]
This is the man who did it.Thisisthe manwho did it.
This is the letter which/that you lost.Thisisthe letterwhich/that you lost.

PATTERN 3: Subject + Verb + Adverbial Clause [When/Where/If etc.]

Examples SubjectVerbAdverbial Clause [When/Where/If etc.]
You may go when you like.Youmay gowhen you like.
I travel where I like.Itravelwhere I like.
You may succeed if you work hard.Youmay succeedif you work hard.

STRUCTURAL SENTENCE PATTERNS #2


COMPOUND SENTENCE

PATTERN: Main Clause + Connective + Main Clause [with/without subject]

Examples Main ClauseConnectiveMain Clause [with/without subject]
He is intelligent and stood first in the examination.He is intelligentandstood first in the examination.
He is intelligent but failed in the examination.He is intelligentbutfailed in the examination.

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Also, Read


Splitting Sentences

Splitting Sentences

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Conjunctions

Conjunctions

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Types of Figures of Speech

Figures of Speech

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Preposition

Preposition

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Causative Verbs

Causative Verbs

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